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Regional myocardial blood flow during both control conditions and ischemia-induced vasodilatation was studied in eight chronically instrumented awake dogs. Seven of these animals had coarctation-banding of the ascending aorta performed at 6 wk of age, and the other dog had congenital subvalvular aortic stenosis. The mean left ventricular weight for the(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical circulatory assist industries have developed ventricular assist devices (VAD) for short-, intermediate-, and long-term use. The purpose of this report is to describe the progress made with the ABIOMED Biventricular System (BVS) 5000 (ABIOMED, Inc, Danvers, MA) short-term VAD. METHODS From June 1994 through August 2000, all(More)
The aim of this study was to differentiate myocardial reperfusion injury from that of ischemia. We assessed the role of the myocardial adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) catabolites, hypoxanthine and xanthine, generated during ischemia and the early phase of reperfusion, in reperfusion injury by modulating adenosine transport and metabolism with specific(More)
Severe mitral regurgitation caused by acute myocardial infarction has been a particularly difficult management problem with disappointing clinical results. Over a 75-month period, ending March 31, 1987, 611 patients underwent mitral valve operations at Duke University Medical Center. Within this group, 55 patients had clearly defined ischemic mitral(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the dual role of ATP as an energy substrate and as a major source of oxygen-derived free-radical-mediated reperfusion injury by using adenine nucleoside blocker, p-nitrobenzylthioinosine (NBMPR), and adenosine deaminase inhibitor, erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)adenine (EHNA). In a randomized study, 16 dogs were(More)
Studies in animal models of myocardial ischemia and left ventricular hypertrophy have demonstrated a number of derangements in purine and pyrimidine nucleotide content of myocardium that are postulated to play a role in the pathogenesis of muscle dysfunction in these disorders. The present study examined myocardium of patients with coronary artery disease,(More)
Recovery for myocardial adenosine triphosphate (ATP) following moderate periods of ischemic is dependent upon the availability of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and diphosphate (ADP) for rephosphorylation. Recovery of AMP and ADP levels following ischemia is, in turn, determined by the rates of salvage and de novo adenine nucleotide synthesis. Phosphoribosyl(More)
Hypothyroidism is associated with profound left ventricular dysfunction. Brain-dead organ donors and patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass are chemically hypothyroid with significantly reduced circulating free triiodothyronine (T3). To test the hypothesis that T3 enhances left ventricular function in a hormonally deficient environment, a total of 36(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic interventions capable of preventing ventricular dysfunction "stunning" or accelerating its functional recovery have potential clinical importance. Myocardial protection of the stunned myocardium has not been documented when drugs were administered only during postischemic reperfusion. The role of ATP depletion and release of purines in(More)
1. Salbutamol, a beta 2-agonist, increased the weight of the canine latissimus dorsi muscle. It also increased fusion frequency, and decreased time-to-peak tension, half-relaxation time, and total contraction time. These changes in twitch times and fusion frequency were associated with changes in the levels of proteins expressed in slow- and fast-twitch(More)