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Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people in the United States. It is a complex disease whose etiology bridges biomechanics and biochemistry. Evidence is growing for the role of systemic factors (such as genetics, dietary intake, estrogen use, and bone density) and of local biomechanical factors (such as muscle(More)
We demonstrate the direct involvement of increased collagenase activity in the cleavage of type II collagen in osteoarthritic human femoral condylar cartilage by developing and using antibodies reactive to carboxy-terminal (COL2-3/4C(short)) and amino-terminal (COL2-1/4N1) neoepitopes generated by cleavage of native human type II collagen by collagenase(More)
Many proteins found in mineralized tissues have been proposed to function as regulators of the mineralization process, either as nucleators or inhibitors of hydroxyapatite (HA) formation. We have studied the HA-nucleating and HA-inhibiting properties of proteins from bone [osteocalcin (OC), osteopontin (OPN), osteonectin (ON) and bone sialoprotein (BSP)],(More)
The authors review the structure and composition of articular cartilage. This tissue is composed of an extensive extracellular matrix synthesized by chondrocytes. It contains different zones with respect to depth from the articular surface and has a regional organization around the chondrocytes. Its composition varies regionally and zonally in its collagen(More)
The anatomic forms of diarthrodial joints are important structural features which provide and limit the motions required for the joint. Typically, the length scale of topographic variation of anatomic forms ranges from 0.5 to 15 cm. Articular cartilage is the thin layer of hydrated soft tissue (0.5-5.0 mm thick) covering the articulating bony ends in(More)
Intraperitoneal injection of human fetal cartilage proteoglycan (depleted of chondroitin sulfate) in Freund's complete or incomplete adjuvant induces a chronic erosive polyarthritis and spondylitis in all female BALB/c mice. This occurrence is strain-specific but not haplotype-specific, and it is sex-related. The development of the arthritis is associated(More)
Immunization with chondroitinase ABC-digested fetal human cartilage proteoglycan and Freund's complete adjuvant induced polyarthritis and ankylosing spondylitis in female BALB/c mice. The initial external symptoms of the joint inflammation were swelling and redness. This was associated with edema of the synovium and periarticular tissues and gross(More)
Disruption of the balance between proteases and protease inhibitors is often associated with pathologic tissue destruction. To explore the therapeutic potential of secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) in erosive joint diseases, we cloned, sequenced, and expressed active rat SLPI, which shares the protease-reactive site found in human SLPI. In a rat(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether interleukin-1 (IL-1) or tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), or both, plays a role in the excessive degradation that is observed in cultured osteoarthritic (OA) articular cartilage. METHODS Antagonists of IL-1 and TNFalpha, namely, IL-1 receptor antagonist and the PEGylated soluble TNFalpha receptor I, respectively, were(More)
The calcification of cartilage matrix in endochondral bone formation occurs in an extracellular matrix composed of fibrils of type II collagen with which type X collagen is closely associated. Also present within this matrix are the large proteoglycans containing chondroitin sulfate which aggregate with hyaluronic acid. In addition, the matrix contains(More)