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In India, treatment of acute, uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria is becoming increasingly difficult due to resistance to chloroquine, thus there is a need for new antimalarial drugs. CGP 56697 (co-artemether), a new drug, is a combination of artemether and lumefantrine in a single oral formulation (one tablet = 20 mg of artemether plus 120 mg of(More)
We studied the antirelapse efficacy of a supervised 14-d 15 mg/d regimen of primaquine therapy (n = 131) compared with no antirelapse therapy (n = 142) in 273 patients with confirmed Plasmodium vivax malaria in Mumbai, India, between July 1998 and April 2000. There were 6/131 (4.6%) recurrences in patients given primaquine compared with 13/142 (9.2%) in(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To analyse clinicopathological features of HIV infected patients admitted in an infectious disease hospital in Mumbai. MATERIAL AND METHODS Retrospective study of 501 patients admitted from 1st September, 1996 to 28th February, 1998 and screened for HIV status out of clinical suspicion was carried out. HIV seropositivity was(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study compared the diagnostic and prognostic utility of two rapid tests the (Paracheck and OptiMal) versus conventional smear microscopy. METHODS Using two independent microscopists we carried out the three tests in 31 adult cases of smear positive, acute, uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. All three tests were done(More)
BACKGROUND The WHO recommends that adults with uncomplicated P. falciparum successfully treated with a blood schizonticide receive a single dose of primaquine (PQ) 45 mg as a gametocytocidal agent. An earlier pilot study suggested that 75 mg of bulaquine (BQ), of which PQ is a major metabolite, may be a useful alternate to PQ. METHODS In a randomized,(More)
In the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), chloroquine (CQ) continues to be recommended as the drug of first choice for the treatment of Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum infections, even though > 50% of local isolates of P. falciparum are resistant to it. Primaquine, an 8-aminoquinoline is also given to patients with falciparum malaria, in a single, 45-mg(More)
The efficacy of a single dose of 45 mg primaquine, as a gametocytocidal agent, was assessed in Mumbai, India, among adults with uncomplicated or severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria. All the patients investigated had been found gametocytaemic, with at least 56 gametocytes/microl blood, within the first 72 h of their illness. Those with uncomplicated(More)