Learn More
Yeast-based biomass, immobilised in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) cryogels, was used as a biosorbant material for the recovery of platinum (PtCl 6 2− ) from aqueous solutions. The resulting biomass-Pt matrices were then employed directly as an electro-catalytic anode in a fuel cell configuration to generate electrical energy from renewable sources such as glucose(More)
We report- the partial characterization of a β-glucosidase produced during growth of the thermotolerant yeast, K. marxianus IMB3 on lactose-containing media at 45°C. The enzyme had Km values of 1.1mM and 14.8mM for the substrates p-nitrophenyl-β-D-glucoside and cellobiose, respectively. The enzyme had a pH optimum of 5.5 and was optimally active at 50°C. It(More)
The thermotolerant, ethanol-producing yeast strain Kluyveromyces marxianus IMB3 was grown at 45°C on media containing 2, 4 and 6 % (w/v) pulverized barley straw and supplemented with 2% (v/v) cellulase. Maximum ethanol concentrations produced were 2, 3 and 3.6g/l, respectively. When the pulverized straw was replaced by NaOH pretreated straw (at 2, 4 and 6%(More)
The thermotolerant, ethanol-producing yeast strain, Kluyveromyces marxianus IMB3, was shown to produce ethanol at 45°C on starch-containing media supplemented with a crude amylase preparation derived from the thermophilic, filamentous fungus Talaromyces emersonii CBS 813.70. Ethanol production on media containing 4% (w/v) starch increased to a maximum of 15(More)
This study demonstrates that mammalian cell targets (erythrocytes and tumour cells) may be sensitised to ultrasound using electric pulses and this combination treatment results in destruction of those cells in vitro. It further demonstrates that when a tumour mass is treated in vivo using combined electric field and ultrasound therapy, significant(More)
The thermotolerant yeast, Kluyveromyces marxianus IMB3, was grown in batch culture at 45°C on cellulose-containing media, supplemented with exogenous cellulase activity. At various stages during fermentation, both substrate and enzyme were added in batch mode and fermentation was continued for 220 h. Ethanol production increased to 20 g/l at 200 h,(More)
In this study, the effects of high-energy shock wave (HESW) frequency on the viability of three different malignant cell lines were evaluated using a piezo-electric generator. The cell lines studied were AR42-J, VX-2 and HeLa. These cells were targeted both in free suspension and immobilised in gelatine beads. All cell lines in free suspension were acutely(More)
Following growth on chitin-containing media the actinomycete, Streptomyces hygroscopicus produces N-acetylglucosaminidase. When the organism was grown in submerged culture on chitin-containing media, at 30 degrees C, production of the N-acetylglucosaminidase activity has been shown to increase to a maximum at around day 18. Following electrophoretic(More)
In a recent report we described the effects of combined electroactivation and photoactivation of hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD) on human erythrocytes and established that activation-induced cell lysis was more pronounced when both modes of activation were sequentially applied to the system. Here we demonstrate that electric field-induced activation of(More)
The thermotolerant yeast strain, Kluyveromyces marxianus IMB3, was found to be capable of ethanol production during growth at 45°C on media containing milled paper and exogenously added commercial cellulase. At maximum achievable cellulose concentrations in shake-flask cultures, ethanol production increased to 6.6 g/l at 45°C, representing an overall level(More)