ANNE EPPERSON

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Development of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) requires signaling via Kit receptors. Kit is activated by stem cell factor (SCF), but the source of SCF in the bowel wall is unclear and controversy exists about whether enteric neurons express the SCF required for ICC development. METHODS Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF)(More)
1. We used intracellular microelectrodes to record the membrane potential (Vm) of intact murine colonic smooth muscle. Electrical activity consisted of spike complexes separated by quiescent periods (Vm approximately -60 mV). The spike complexes consisted of about a dozen action potentials of approximately 30 mV amplitude. Tetraethylammonium (TEA, 1-10 mM)(More)
Located within the tunica muscularis of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are networks of cells known as interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). ICC are critical for important basic functions of GI motility such as generation and propagation of slow-wave pacemaker activity and reception of regulatory inputs from the enteric nervous system. We have developed a(More)
Voltage-activated K(+) (K(V)) channels play an important role in regulating the membrane potential in excitable cells. In gastrointestinal (GI) smooth muscles, these channels are particularly important in modulating spontaneous electrical activities. The purpose of this study was to identify the molecular components that may be responsible for the K(V)(More)
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