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Acute administration of CDP-choline (i.p. 100 mg/Kg b.w.), 10 min before the intraventricular injection of labeled precursors, [2-3H] glycerol and [1-14C]-palmitate, was able to correct the impairment caused by hypoxic treatment of lipid metabolism in some brain regions, ie, cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, and brainstem. After CDP-choline treatment, an(More)
The effect of CDP-choline on the in vivo incorporation of labeled precursors into DNA, RNA, and proteins in cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, and brainstem of guinea pigs after hypoxic treatment was studied. The labeling of macromolecules extracted from the various subcellular fractions of these brain regions was also determined. Hypoxic treatment affected(More)
The lipid metabolism in guinea pig brain after intermittent hypoxia, prolonged for 80 hrs, was markedly impaired. The in vivo incorporation of [2-3H] glycerol adn [1-14C] palmitate into lipids of microsomes, mitochondria, myelin, and synaptosomes, purified form cerebral hemispheres, was significantly lower in the hypoxic animals than in the controls. The(More)
The effect of propylthiouracil-induced neonatal hypothyroidism on some aspects of the biogenesis of free (non-synaptosomal) mitochondria in the cerebral hemispheres and in the cerebellum of developing rat has been studied. The results obtained show that in hypothyroid rats mitochondrial DNA synthesis is delayed, mitochondrial RNA synthesis is not affected(More)
The effect of undernutrition on the activity of two key enzymes for DNA synthesis, namely DNA polymerase and thymidine kinase, in developing rat brain has been investigated. Both enzymatic activities in cerebral hemispheres and in brain stem are lower in undernourished animals than in controls at the 5th day after birth; successively, from 5 to 30 days,(More)
The contribution of the axonal transport to the biosynthesis of myelin phospholipids was investigated in the rabbit optic pathway. A double labeling technique was used. The same animals were injected with one isotope intravitreally and the other intraventricularly. This procedure allows double labeling of the optic nerves, optic tracts, lateral geniculate(More)
In the present study we examined the methylation status of the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene promoter, analyzing various CG sites in both the human and rat gene in GFAP-expressing and nonexpressing tissues. Moreover, we studied the methylation of specific CG sites in different rat brain areas during postnatal development, in cell cultures(More)
The biological role of the murine IFN-gamma endogenously secreted during cell activation has been probed by the use of a rat mAb (AN18) that specifically neutralizes its activity. When An18 mAb is added to the cultures of BALB/c and C57BL/6 nylon nonadherent spleen cells (naSpc) stimulated for 18 h with 1000 U of IL-2, the normally released IFN-gamma can no(More)
DNA synthesis in nuclei and mitochondria purified from serum-supplemented rat glial cell cultures at different days after plating was studied. Furthermore in mitochondria, some enzymatic activities related to energy transduction (citrate synthase, malate dehydrogenase, total NADH-cytochrome c reductase, cytochrome oxidase and glutamate dehydrogenase) were(More)