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Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and the Ets like gene-1 (Elk-1) are two transcription factors that have been previously established to contribute to the Angiotensin II mediated upregulation of Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) in neurons. The cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) is another transcription factor that has also been implicated in(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis has a high mortality (50-80%) when associated with acute renal failure (ARF). Oxidant injury and proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines have been shown to increase with endotoxaemia-related ARF. Since erythropoietin (EPO) has been demonstrated to possess anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, EPO may have therapeutic efficacy for(More)
Proliferation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is the key event in the pathogenesis of intimal hyperplasia (IH) leading to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) occlusion. The saphenous vein (SV) conduits are often affected by IH, while the internal mammary artery (IMA) conduits remain remarkably patent. SMC proliferation is mediated by the cell cycle, under the(More)
Abstract Internal mammary artery (IMA) coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG) are remarkably resistant to intimal hyperplasia (IH) as compared to saphenous vein (SV) grafts following aorto-coronary anastomosis. The reason behind this puzzling difference still remains an enigma. In this study, we examined the effects of IGF-1 stimulation on the PI3K-AKT/PKB(More)
Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) is one of the most common congenital birth defects. NSCL/P is a complex multifactorial disease caused by interactions between multiple environmental and genetic factors. However, the causal single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) signature profile underlying the risk of familial NSCL/P still remains(More)
Elucidation of the genetic diversity and relatedness of the subpopulations of India may provide a unique resource for future analysis of genetic association of several critical community-specific complex diseases. We performed a comprehensive exploration of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the gene DNA ligase 1 (LIG1) among a multiethnic panel(More)
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