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The three-dimensional, facial soft-tissue changes of 24 patients with various cleft types following transpalatal Le Fort I osteotomy were measured using laser scanning techniques, radial measurements, and a color millimetric scale. There was a varying degree of midface retrusion in the different cleft groups, and a very similar pattern of retrusion over the(More)
The three-dimensional changes in the bone and the ratio of soft tissue to bone movement were investigated in a group of 24 cleft palate patients following Le Fort I osteotomy. CT scans were taken for each patient preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively. The scans were superimposed, radial measurements calculated, and the changes illustrated by two(More)
A three-dimensional soft tissue study of the results of surgery in a group of 16 skeletal Class III adult patients following orthognathic surgery was carried out using laser scans (Arridge et al., 1985). The patient group was compared to a control group of the same population. Laser scans were taken prior to surgery, 3 months post-surgery, and at least 1(More)
A three-dimensional soft tissue study of the results of surgery in a group of 15 women with Class II, Division I malocclusions after orthognathic surgery was performed with laser scans. A group of 30 women with Class I malocclusions ages between 19 and 25 years were used as controls. Laser scans were taken before surgery, 3 months after surgery, and at(More)
A new color-coded method of illustrating three-dimensional changes in the bone and the ratio of soft tissue to bone movement is described. The technique is illustrated by superimposing preoperative and 1-year postoperative CT scans of three patients following bimaxillary surgery. The method has proved to be a very simple, effective, and readily interpreted(More)
New methods for measuring and averaging three-dimensional soft-tissue morphology and change from laser scans using a color millimetric scale are described. The techniques were employed to measure facial differences between a group of Class I skeletal males and females. The surgical change in one patient following bimaxillary surgery is also illustrated. The(More)
The surgical correction of eleven Class III patients and 10 Class II patients with a long face, increased maxillary mandibular planes angle and anterior open bite was undertaken using bimaxillary surgical procedures. Lateral skull radiographs were examined pre-operatively, 48 hours, and 1 year post-operatively, to quantify the amount and direction of(More)
Three-dimensional laser surface scanning of the face was performed before and after Le Fort I maxillary advancement in 24 patients with replaced clefts of the lip and palate. The surgery resulted in advancement of the upper lip and para-alar tissues and an increase in the relative prominence of the nose within the face. These changes were produced at the(More)
The planned preoperative maxillary movements for five groups of patients requiring orthognathic surgery were prospectively compared to the actual surgical movements achieved in the operating theatre. There was a very poor success rate in achieving predicted movements in all the patient groups. There is a need to test and implement a reliable method of(More)
The maxillary arch-form of 41 Sri Lankan adults with unoperated complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (8 female and 33 male) were compared to a control group of 100 normal Sri Lankan adults (45 female and 55 male). The teeth in the cleft group were smaller than their equivalents in the control group, the most marked difference being found in the central(More)