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A series of omega-phosphono-alpha-carboxylic acids were tested as antagonists of excitatory amino acid depolarizations and long-term potentiation (LTP) in region CA1 of rat hippocampal slices. The 5- and 7-phosphono compounds (+/- AP5 and +/- AP7) blocked N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) depolarizations and prevented the induction of LTP of the synaptic field(More)
Kynurenic acid, a tryptophan metabolite, inhibits excitatory synaptic transmission in the rat hippocampal slice and the isolated immature rat spinal cord, but does not affect membrane potential or input resistance of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells. Kynurenic acid also antagonizes responses induced in the dentate gyrus by excitatory amino acids,(More)
A combination of current- and voltage-clamp techniques applied to hippocampal brain slices was used to evaluate the role of postsynaptic electrogenesis in the induction of associative synaptic enhancement. In accordance with Hebb's postulate for learning, repetitive postsynaptic spiking enabled enhancement in just those synapses that were eligible to change(More)
The acidic amino acid antagonist D,L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (DL-APB) is a potent blocker of synaptic transmission at guinea pig but not rat mossy fiber-CA3 synapses in hippocampal slices. The L-isomer of APB is responsible for the potent inhibition at the guinea pig synapse. The L-APB analogue L-serine-O-phosphate (L-SOP) also is more potent against(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor inhibition has been hypothesized to provide neuroprotective efficacy after cerebral ischemia on the basis of the activity in experimental ischemia models of a variety of compounds with varying selectivity for AMPA over other glutamate receptor subtypes.(More)
Evoked and spontaneous excitatory post-synaptic potentials (e.p.s.p.s) at the mossy fibre input to CA3 pyramidal neurones were recorded intracellularly in slices from the guinea-pig hippocampus. The effects of several amino acid antagonists on these responses were examined. L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (L-AP4), L-serine-O-phosphate (L-SOP), kynurenate, and(More)
Observations that N-Methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA) antagonists produce symptoms in humans that are similar to those seen in schizophrenia have led to the current hypothesis that schizophrenia might result from NMDA receptor hypofunction. Inhibition of D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO), the enzyme responsible for degradation of D-serine, should lead to increased levels(More)
A new compound, 3-((+/-)-2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)-propyl-1-phosphonic acid (CPP), has been evaluated as an excitatory amino acid receptor antagonist using electrophysiological assays and radioligand binding. In autoradiographic preparations, CPP reduces L-[3H]glutamate binding in regions of the hippocampus rich in N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, but(More)
Responses evoked by several amino acid excitants, including the tryptophan metabolite quinolinic acid, were recorded intracellularly from CA1 pyramidal neurons in rat hippocampal slices. Quinolinate, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), ibotenate and (+/-)-cis-1-amino-1,3-dicarboxycyclopentane produced excitations characterized by burst firing of action potentials,(More)