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Tyrphostins are low-molecular-weight synthetic inhibitors of protein tyrosine kinase, which block cell proliferation. Since platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is thought to figure prominently in disorders of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, and restenosis, we examined whether tyrphostins would inhibit(More)
Endothelial cell growth factor (ECGF), an anionic polypeptide mitogen, binds to immobilized heparin. The interaction between the acidic polypeptide and the anionic carbohydrate suggests a mechanism that is independent of ion exchange. Monoclonal antibodies to purified bovine ECGF inhibited the biological activity of ECGF in crude preparations of bovine(More)
Monoclonal anti-epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor antibodies were used as a diagnostic tool for the investigation of the role of the receptor molecule in the transduction of the biological effects mediated by EGF. The specificity of the antibodies was established by immunoprecipitation of the receptor from biosynthetically labeled cells. The previously(More)
It has been suggested that products of the major histocompatibility complex, the MHC, of vertebrates function in many processes of recognition and ligand binding at the cell surface. Here we show that binding of polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against human MHC antigens, HLA, reduced the binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF) to its membrane(More)
Transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) are structurally related peptides. Purified human TGF-alpha produced in Escherichia coli and pure natural mouse EGF were compared for their ability to bind to target cells in vitro and to promote angiogenesis in the hamster cheek pouch bioassay. Both polypeptides were found to(More)
Two likely mechanisms for the initiation of arterial platelet thrombus formation under conditions of elevated fluid shear stresses are: (1) excessive adhesion and aggregation of platelets from rapidly flowing blood onto the exposed sub-endothelium of injured, atherosclerotic arteries; or (2) direct, fluid shear stress-induced aggregation of platelets in(More)
A murine monoclonal antibody was generated against human skin cells obtained from psoriatic plaques. The antibody, called VM-2, recognizes an epitope expressed on the basal cell layer of human skin and other epithelia. VM-2 also binds to cultured cells from a variety of human carcinomas including HeLa cervical carcinoma, A-431 vulvar carcinoma, A-549 lung(More)
Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) is a 6045 dalton polypeptide which stimulates the proliferation of various cell types in vitro and in vivo. EGF binds to diffusely distributed membrane receptors which rapidly cluster primarily on coated pits areas on the plasma membrane. Subsequently, the EGF-receptor complexes are endocytosed and degraded by lysosomal(More)
Endothelial cell growth factor (ECGF) binds specifically in vitro to membrane receptors present on the surface of several cell types, including murine and human endothelial cells and fibroblasts. Monoclonal antibodies prepared against ECGF that inhibit the mitogenic activity of the growth factor prevent receptor occupancy by the ligand. Heparin interacts(More)
Mice were immunized with human epidermoid carcinoma cells (A-431 cell line) that possess an unusually high number of membrane receptors for epidermal growth factor (EGF). Spleen cells from these mice were fused with NSI cells, a nonsecreting murine myeloma. The immunoglobulins secreted by the obtained hybridomas were screened for specific binding to A-431(More)