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We were very interested in the recent paper by Moore et al. (3) in which the authors used transposon mutants to demonstrate efflux-mediated resistance to aminoglycosides and macrolides in Burkholderia (formerly Pseudomonas) pseudomallei. Melioidosis is very difficult to treat because of intrinsic resistance to many antimicrobial agents, particularly the(More)
An open, prospective, randomized, comparative treatment trial was conducted to compare the therapeutic efficacy of high-dose intravenous imipenem and ceftazidime for acute severe melioidosis. Adult Thai patients with suspected acute, severe melioidosis were randomized to receive either imipenem, at a dosage of 50 mg/(kg x d), or ceftazidime, at a dosage of(More)
Interferon (IFN)-gamma plays an important role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Production of IFN-gamma is stimulated by synergistic effects of interleukin (IL)-18, IL-12, and IL-15. To investigate the regulation of IFN-gamma production during severe gram-negative infection, the plasma concentrations of IFN-gamma, IL-18, IL-12, and IL-15 were measured in 83(More)
Raised serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, or IL-10 are associated with mortality in patients with sepsis, but it is not known whether elevated cytokine levels are independently predictive of mortality. Cytokine assays (TNF-alpha, IL-6, and IL-10) were performed on admission plasma samples from 172 adult(More)
A prospective, open, randomized, comparative treatment trial was conducted to compare the therapeutic efficacy of the conventional four-drug combination (chloramphenicol, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and doxycycline) with that of doxycycline alone in oral maintenance treatment of melioidosis. Adult Thai patients with culture-confirmed melioidosis were(More)
Extracellular release of granzymes is considered to reflect the involvement of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and NK cells in various disease states. To obtain insight into granzyme release during bacterial infection, granzyme levels were measured during experimental human endotoxemia and in patients with melioidosis, a severe infection due to gram-negative(More)
We recently identified a constitutively expressed exopolysaccharide of Burkholderia pseudomallei which is composed of a unique linear tetrasaccharide repeating unit consisting of three galactose residues and one 3-deoxy-D-manno-2-octulosonic acid residue. In this study we developed a latex agglutination test based on monoclonal antibody 3015, which is(More)
Throat swab (TS) cultures were performed for 1,011 patients with melioidosis and 3,524 healthy subjects or patients with other diseases. The specificity of TS culture for the diagnosis of melioidosis was 100%, and the overall sensitivity was 36% (24% for sputum-negative patients and 79% for sputum-positive patients). Direct plating of the TS specimen on(More)
Immunohistochemical, flow cytometric and ELISA studies were performed to examine the expression of endoglin (CD105, a TGF beta receptor) on dermal endothelial cells, peripheral blood monocytes and free and bound serum levels in patients with systemic sclerosis as compared with appropriate controls. Endoglin was found to be significantly upregulated on(More)
AIM To develop a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the specific detection of the C protein gene in strains of group B Streptococcus. METHODS A single primer pair derived from the nucleotide sequence of the IgA binding beta antigen of the C protein complex permitted the specific amplification of a 592 base pair DNA fragment from the C protein gene. After(More)