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Factors affecting absorption of Mg from the ovine rumen have been studied using either a pouch constructed from part of the dorsal rumen or by an isolated washed rumen technique in vivo. Net absorption of Mg against the prevailing electrochemical gradient was observed. An increase in the K/Na ratio within the rumen led to an increase in the potential(More)
1. The absorption rates of calcium, inorganic phosphate (Pi) and magnesium were determined from buffered solutions placed in the temporarily isolated and washed reticulo-rumen of conscious sheep. The basic composition of these solutions was similar to that found in supernatant fractions of ultracentrifuged rumen contents. 2. The Pi concentrations studied in(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is initially translated as a preprohormone which is posttranslationally processed to yield a family of mature secretory forms. Most attention has focused on the amino-terminal portion of the molecule which is homologous to parathyroid hormone. It is clear, however, that a mid-region species of PTHrP is(More)
We have used young pigs, each prepared surgically with a Thiry-Vella loop of proximal small intestine, to study the time course of changes in the intestinal absorption of calcium, phosphate, sodium, glucose and water and on the plasma levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D after treatment of the animals with glucocorticoids. Perfusion of the intestinal loop for(More)
The duodenal and ileal absorption of 32P was studied by an in vivo method in control chicks and in chicks fed for 2 weeks a diet deficient in calcium or phosphorus. The results showed a highly significant increase in duodenal and ileal phosphate absorption in chicks fed a low calcium diet and a smaller, though also significant increase in duodenal but not(More)
Perfusion in situ of the placenta of intact or previously parathyroidectomized fetal lambs has been used to assess the ability of three mid-molecule fragments of the human parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) molecule to stimulate the placental transport of calcium and magnesium. PTHrP(67-86 amide) was most effective but some activity was also shown(More)
Perfusion in situ of the placenta of previously thyroparathyroidectomized fetal lambs has been used to compare the ability of various forms of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) to stimulate placental calcium transport. Whereas PTHrP (1-34) was without effect, PTHrP (1-141) was active but usually after a delay of up to 1 h, in common with the(More)
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25-DHCC) is the major biologically active metabolite of vitamin D3 in the small intestine and bone, whereas roles for 24,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol and 25,26-dihydroxycholecalciferol have yet to be assigned. All three metabolites have been detected in plasma, the approximate concentrat ion in a normal individual being 60(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHRP) has been quantified by sensitive specific immunoassays in mammary venous blood and milk from 7 days before to 7 days after parturition in the goat. A significant venous-arterial concentration gradient in plasma PTHRP 1-86 concentrations was demonstrated across the mammary gland, indicating that PTHRP enters the(More)
In late pregnancy the sheep fetus requires 3 g of calcium per day, all of which must be transported across the trophoblast epithelium of the placenta. Such high levels of calcium transport across other epithelia are normally associated with the presence of calbindin-D9 or -28k. Our immunocytochemical results show that ovine, bovine and caprine(More)