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Benthic indicators to use in Ecological Quality classification of Mediterranean soft bottom marine ecosystems, including a new Biotic Index
A new biotic index (BENTIX) is proposed based on the relative percentages of three ecological groups of species grouped according to their sensitivity or tolerance to disturbance factors and weighted proportionately to obtain a formula rendering a five step numerical scale of ecological quality classification.
Alien Marine Species in the Mediterranean - the 100 'Worst Invasives' and their Impact
The preliminary list of the 100 ‘worst’ Invasive Alien Species in the Mediterranean has been produced and presented and can provide the basis for selecting indicator species within the Mediterranean and thus be the common ground to build cooperation about IAS within countries in the region.
Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution
The state-of-art on alien species in the Mediterranean Sea is presented, making distinctions among the four subregions defined in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive; the WMED hosts most invasive macrophytes, whereas the EMED has the lion’s share in polychaetes, crustaceans, molluscs and fish.
Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas
The number of NIS remains an underestimate, calling for continuous updating and systematic research, and shipping appears to be the major vector of introduction (excluding the Lessepsian migration).
Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species
Emphasis is put on those species that are current or potential threats to the marine ecosystems, namely the Worst Invasive Alien Species providing their record across major groups.
A Sea Change — Exotics in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea
The eastern Mediterranean is susceptible to biological invasions because of its placement between the Atlantic, Pontic and Erythrean regions, busy maritime traffic, and lagoons and bays that are
Impacts of invasive alien marine species on ecosystem services and biodiversity: a pan-European review.
Stelios Katsanevakis*, Inger Wallentinus, Argyro Zenetos, Erkki Leppakoski, Melih Ertan Cinar, Bayram Ozturk, Michal Grabowski, Daniel Golani and Ana Cristina Cardoso European Commission, Joint
Invading the Mediterranean Sea: biodiversity patterns shaped by human activities
It is investigated how human activities, by providing pathways for the introduction of alien species, may shape the biodiversity patterns in the Mediterranean Sea to better understand how the new biodiversity patterns shaped by human activities will affect the Mediterranean food webs, ecosystem functioning, and the provision of ecosystem services.