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Statements from the Taormina expert meeting on occult hepatitis B virus infection.
Giovanni Raimondo*, Jean-Pierre Allain, Maurizia R. Brunetto, Marie-Annick Buendia, Ding-Shinn Chen, Massimo Colombo, Antonio Craxi, Francesco Donato, Carlo Ferrari, Giovanni B. Gaeta, Wolfram H.Expand
Identification of a novel variant of hepatitis E virus in Italy
TLDR
Evidence from this study suggests that HEV accounts for approximately 10% of acute non‐A‐C viral hepatitis in Italy, diagnosed generally in travelers returning from endemic areas, however, the identification of a new HEV variant in an individual who never indicated travel or contact with individuals associated with endemic areas suggests that this virus may be native to Italy. Expand
Novel hepatitis E virus (HEV) isolates from Europe: Evidence for additional genotypes of HEV
TLDR
Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the Italian and two Greek isolates represent three new genotypes of HEV, distinct from the Burmese, Mexican, and US genotypes. Expand
Serological pattern “anti‐HBc alone”: Report on a workshop
TLDR
Recommendations are given in relation to both the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in the individuals with “anti‐HBc alone” and in the blood banking and transplantation services. Expand
Long-term immunogenicity of hepatitis B vaccination and policy for booster: an Italian multicentre study
TLDR
Strong immunological memory persists more than 10 years after immunisation of infants and adolescents with a primary course of vaccination, and booster doses of vaccine do not seem necessary to ensure long-term protection. Expand
The global impact of vaccination against hepatitis B: a historical overview.
TLDR
The effective implementation of such programmes of vaccination has resulted in a substantial decrease in disease burden, in the carrier rate and in hepatitis B-related morbidity and mortality. Expand
Lack of Evidence of Sexual Transmission of Hepatitis C among Monogamous Couples: Results of a 10-Year Prospective Follow-Up Study
TLDR
The data indicate that the risk of sexual transmission of HCV within heterosexual monogamous couples is extremely low or even null, and no general recommendations for condom use seem required for individuals in monogamous partnerships with HCV-infected partners. Expand
Hepatitis E in Italy: a long-term prospective study.
TLDR
In Italy, most cases of hepatitis E are travel related, caused by viral genotype 1, while autochthonous cases are caused by genotype 3, which suggests that HEV infection may have zoonotic origins in non-endemic countries. Expand
A 2010 update on occult hepatitis B infection.
TLDR
Clinical observations suggest that OBI carriers may be a source of HBV transmission through blood transfusion or orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), and is supposed to be an important risk factor to HCC development since it maintains the pro-oncogenic properties typical of the overt infection. Expand
Hepatitis type E in Italy: A seroepidemiological survey
TLDR
None of 35 patients diagnosed with acute hepatitis A but 10 of 153 patients with acute nonA, nonB, nonC hepatitis were found to be positive for anti‐HEV antibody, suggesting a possible low circulation of HEV in Italy. Expand
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