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STREAMING INSTABILITIES IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS
Interpenetrating streams of solids and gas in a Keplerian disk produce a local, linear instability. The two components mutually interact via aerodynamic drag, which generates radial drift andExpand
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Rapid planetesimal formation in turbulent circumstellar disks
During the initial stages of planet formation in circumstellar gas disks, dust grains collide and build up larger and larger bodies. How this process continues from metre-sized boulders toExpand
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Particle Stirring in Turbulent Gas Disks: Including Orbital Oscillations
We describe the diusion and random velocities of solid particles due to stochastic forcing by turbulent gas. We include the orbital dynamics of Keplerian disks, both in-plane epicycles and verticalExpand
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The Exoplanet Census: A General Method Applied to Kepler
We develop a general method to fit the planetary distribution function (PLDF) to exoplanet survey data. This maximum likelihood method accommodates more than one planet per star and any number ofExpand
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PLANETESIMAL FORMATION BY GRAVITATIONAL INSTABILITY
We investigate the formation of planetesimals via the gravitational instability of solids that have settled to the midplane of a circumstellar disk. Vertical shear between the gas and a subdisk ofExpand
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Particle Clumping and Planetesimal Formation Depend Strongly on Metallicity
We present three-dimensional numerical simulations of particle clumping and planetesimal formation in protoplanetary disks with varying amounts of solid material. As centimeter-size pebbles settle toExpand
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FORMATION OF KUIPER BELT BINARIES BY GRAVITATIONAL COLLAPSE
A large fraction of ~100 km class low-inclination objects in the classical Kuiper Belt (KB) are binaries with comparable masses and a wide separation of components. A favored model for theirExpand
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Forming Planetesimals in Solar and Extrasolar Nebulae
Planets are built from planetesimals: solids larger than a kilometer that grow by colliding in pairs. Planetesimals themselves are unlikely to form by twobody collisions alone; subkilometer objectsExpand
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Zonal Flows and Long-lived Axisymmetric Pressure Bumps in Magnetorotational Turbulence
We study the behavior of magnetorotational turbulence in shearing box simulations with a radial and azimuthal extent up to 10 scale heights. Maxwell and Reynolds stresses are found to increase byExpand
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Protoplanetary Disk Turbulence Driven by the Streaming Instability: Linear Evolution and Numerical Methods
We present local simulations that verify the linear streaming instability that arises from aerodynamic coupling between solids and gas in protoplanetary disks. This robust instability createsExpand
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