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Antireflective Nanoprotuberance Array in the Transparent Wing of a Hawkmoth, Cephonodes hylas
It is demonstrated that the nanocomposite in the Cephopnodes wing decreases the light reflectance by the wing into 29-48% in the broad wavelength range, which shows by the color difference between the wings, coated by gold, with and without protuberances. Expand
Differentiation of Wing Epidermal Scale Cells in a Butterfly Under the Lateral Inhibition Model - Appearance of Large Cells in a Polygonal Pattern
The analysis supported that the pattern transition of the early stage of the pupal wing epidermis of a butterfly Pieris rapae is governed by the lateral inhibition rule of cell differentiation. Expand
Multiple extraocular photoreceptive areas on genitalia of butterfly Papilio xuthus
The electrophysiological response and morphological characteristics of presumptive photoreceptive sites on the genitalia of the Chinese yellow swallowtail butterfly, Papilio xuthus L, are reported. Expand
Estimation of neuroblast numbers in insect neurogenesis using the lateral inhibition hypothesis of cell differentiation.
The number of cells differentiating as neuronal precursors in insect neurogenesis is that expected under the hypothesis of lateral inhibition of cell differentiation between immediate neighbors. Expand
Distribution of differentiated cells in a cell sheet under the lateral inhibition rule of differentiation.
The results show that if there is no control system as a whole, the lateral inhibition rule produced cell distributions whose cell number ratio is around 3.32, when picking a polygon for differentiation at random from a hexagonal pattern. Expand
Color pattern formation on the wing of the butterfly Pieris rapae. 1. Cautery induced alteration of scale color and delay of arrangement formation
The microcauterized the presumptive black region of the dorsal forewing of the butterfly Pieris rapae and analyzed not only the resultant color pattern in the adult wing but also the cell behavior in the pupal wing epidermis around the injury. Expand
Nanoprotuberance Array in the Transparent Wing of a Hawkmoth, Cephonodes hylas
A highly ordered nanocomposite was discovered in the transparent wing of a hawkmoth, Cephonodes hylas, with protuberances that are almost the same as those of “corneal nipple arrays” of some insect eyes. Expand
Seed formation in triploid loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) through cross-hybridization with pollen of diploid cultivars
It is found that the triploid line 3N-N28 was essentially self-sterile, but developed seeds on pollination with pollen from diploid cultivars at rates of up to 5.5%. Expand
Pteridines and Pigment Granules of Wing Scales Concerned with Sexual Difference in Wing's Capability Reflecting Near-UV Rays in the Japanese Cabbage Butterfly Pieris Rapae Crucibora
Sexual dimorphism in the colouration and colour pattern of butterfly wings plays a significant part in the initial recognition of the opposite sex in closely related species and between the sexes. Expand
Scale Arrangement Pattern in a Lepidopteran Wing. 1. Periodic Cellular Pattern in the Pupal Wing of Pieris rapae
To investigate the cellular basis for the scale arrangement pattern, cell arrangement in the epidermal monolayer of the pupal wing of a small white cabbage butterfly is examined by scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy. Expand