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Disposal practices for unused medications around the world.
Pharmaceuticals have been detected throughout the environment where at least in some cases, they have been shown to have a detrimental effect. Many result from improper patient disposal of unusedExpand
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TiO2-assisted photodegradation of pharmaceuticals — a review
AbstractPharmaceutical compounds have been detected in the environment and potentially arise from the discharge of excreted and improperly disposed medication from sewage treatment facilities. InExpand
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Disposal practices for unused medications in New Zealand community pharmacies.
INTRODUCTION One of the recommended methods for households to dispose of unused medications in many countries is to return them to community pharmacies. However, such a practice will only reduce theExpand
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UV-induced photodegradation of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) in water
Environmental context Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) is widely used to prevent and treat influenza but conventional wastewater processes involving sedimentation and biotic oxidation do not appear toExpand
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UV Photodegradation of Enoxacin in Water: Kinetics and Degradation Pathways
AbstractFluoroquinolones, such as enoxacin, are poorly removed by common sewage-treatment processes, leading to their discharge into the environment, where they have unknown, and potentially serious,Expand
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9 – Summary and Conclusions
The prescription and disposal of pharmaceuticals and their detection in the environment are summarized. The likely environmental impacts and methods to degrade pharmaceuticals in wastewater treatmentExpand
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Detection and presence of pharmaceuticals in the environment
The generally very low concentrations of pharmaceutical species in natural environments make both their identification and quantitation very difficult particularly as they often occur as complexExpand
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Impact of pharmaceuticals on the environment
The occurrence of pharmaceuticals in sewage effluents, surface water, groundwater, and drinking water is widely recognized as a potential global environmental issue. There is a dearth of dataExpand
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Degradation of pharmaceuticals in wastewater
The majority of the human pharmaceuticals that have been detected in the natural environment have arisen though their discharge in parent or metabolized forms into sewage wastewater which is thenExpand
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2 – Prescribing practices
The specific pharmaceuticals that are used globally are governed by access policies (availability, costs, etc.). These policies have a significant impact on the types and volumes of pharmaceuticalsExpand