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Burden of HIV among female sex workers in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
BACKGROUND Female sex workers are a population who are at heightened risk of HIV infection secondary to biological, behavioural, and structural risk factors. However, three decades into the HIVExpand
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Worldwide burden of HIV in transgender women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
BACKGROUND Previous systematic reviews have identified a high prevalence of HIV infection in transgender women in the USA and in those who sell sex (compared with both female and male sex workers).Expand
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Stigma, Health Care Access, and HIV Knowledge Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana
Same-sex practices are stigmatized in much of sub-Saharan Africa. Cross-sectional relationships between discrimination, access to and use of health care services, and HIV knowledge among men who haveExpand
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Modified social ecological model: a tool to guide the assessment of the risks and risk contexts of HIV epidemics
BackgroundSocial and structural factors are now well accepted as determinants of HIV vulnerabilities. These factors are representative of social, economic, organizational and political inequities.Expand
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Global burden of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis in prisoners and detainees
The prison setting presents not only challenges, but also opportunities, for the prevention and treatment of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis. We did a comprehensive literature search of dataExpand
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The increase in global HIV epidemics in MSM
Epidemics of HIV in MSM continue to expand in most low, middle, and upper income countries in 2013 and rates of new infection have been consistently high among young MSM. Current prevention andExpand
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The expanding epidemics of HIV type 1 among men who have sex with men in low- and middle-income countries: diversity and consistency.
Men who have sex with men (MSM) have borne a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and remain a markedly underresourced population globally. To better describe HIVExpand
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HIV risk and preventive interventions in transgender women sex workers
Worldwide, transgender women who engage in sex work have a disproportionate risk for HIV compared with natal male and female sex workers. We reviewed recent epidemiological research on HIV inExpand
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What has been achieved in HIV prevention, treatment and care for people who inject drugs, 2010-2012? A review of the six highest burden countries.
OBJECTIVE In 2010 the international HIV/AIDS community called on countries to take action to prevent HIV transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID). To set a baseline we proposed anExpand
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Injection drug use, sexual risk, violence and STI/HIV among Moscow female sex workers
Background/objectives The HIV prevalence in Eastern Europe and Central Asia continues to increase. While injection drug use (IDU) is leading factor, heterosexual transmission is on the rise. LittleExpand
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