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Cultures in chimpanzees
It is found that 39 different behaviour patterns, including tool usage, grooming and courtship behaviours, are customary or habitual in some communities but are absent in others where ecological explanations have been discounted. Expand
Machiavellian intelligence : social expertise and the evolution of intellect in monkeys, apes, and humans
Editorial - the Machiavellian intelligence hypotheses. The origins of the idea what primates know about social relationships social complexity - the effect of a third party are primates mind-readers?Expand
Imitation, mirror neurons and autism
It is suggested that in order for sophisticated cortical neuronal systems have evolved in which MNs function as key elements, early developmental failures of MN systems are likely to result in a consequent cascade of developmental impairments characterised by the clinical syndrome of autism. Expand
Causal knowledge and imitation/emulation switching in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and children (Homo sapiens)
It is suggested that the difference in performance of chimpanzees and children may be due to a greater susceptibility of children to cultural conventions, perhaps combined with a differential focus on the results, actions and goals of the demonstrator. Expand
Cultural variation among chimpanzee communities or unit-groups at nine long-term study sites was charted through a systematic, collaborative procedure in which the directors of the sites first agreedExpand
A Systematic Review of Action Imitation in Autistic Spectrum Disorder
It is hypothesised that ASD is characterised by abnormal development of neural codings for actions between sensory and motor modalities, such that they are biased towards object-oriented tasks at the expense of those required for action imitation per se. Expand
On being human
B human: how could that be an issue? Perhaps it wasn’t in the past, when what it is to be human was agreed by all and taken for granted. But if we look back to the past, we must try to ensure we lookExpand
Emulation, imitation, over-imitation and the scope of culture for child and chimpanzee
It is concluded that chimpanzees rely more on imitation and have greater cultural capacities than previously acknowledged, however, they also find that they selectively apply a range of social learning processes that include emulation. Expand
Neural mechanisms of imitation and ‘mirror neuron’ functioning in autistic spectrum disorder
Overall, it is suggested that ASD is associated with altered patterns of brain activity during imitation, which could stem from poor integration between areas serving visual, motor, proprioceptive and emotional functions. Expand