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Cultivation of an obligate acidophilic ammonia oxidizer from a nitrifying acid soil
TLDR
The discovery of Nitrosotalea devanaterra provides a previously unsuspected explanation for high rates of nitrification in acidic soils, and confirms the vital role that thaumarchaea play in terrestrial nitrogen cycling. Expand
The genome of the model beetle and pest Tribolium castaneum
Tribolium castaneum is a member of the most species-rich eukaryotic order, a powerful model organism for the study of generalized insect development, and an important pest of stored agriculturalExpand
Immunity and other defenses in pea aphids, Acyrthosiphon pisum
TLDR
It is suggested that several aspects of the aphid life style, such as their association with microbial symbionts, could facilitate survival without strong immune protection, and the traditional view of insect immunity may not be as broadly applicable as once thought. Expand
Antimicrobial peptides: The ancient arm of the human immune system
TLDR
Clinical studies on the treatment of infectious diseases have been performed with artificial peptides derived from human lactoferrin, histatins and BPI in addition to porcine protegrins, frog magains and bovine indolicidin, showing increasing evidence that AMPs play a crucial role in human immunity. Expand
Evolution of insect olfactory receptors
TLDR
The olfactory system of the primary wingless bristletail Lepismachilis y-signata, the firebrat Thermobia domestica and the neopteran leaf insect Phyllium siccifolium is investigated, suggesting that ORs arose as an adaptation to a terrestrial lifestyle, but evolved later in insect evolution, with Orco being present before the appearance of ORs. Expand
Genome Sequence of the Pea Aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum
The genome of the pea aphid shows remarkable levels of gene duplication and equally remarkable gene absences that shed light on aspects of aphid biology, most especially its symbiosis with Buchnera.
Molecular traces of alternative social organization in a termite genome.
TLDR
The genome and stage-specific transcriptomes of the dampwood termite Zootermopsis nevadensis (Blattodea) are sequence and similarities in the number and expression of genes related to caste determination mechanisms support a hypothesized epigenetic regulation of caste differentiation. Expand
A comprehensive transcriptome and immune-gene repertoire of the lepidopteran model host Galleria mellonella
TLDR
The generated data provide for the first time access to the genetic architecture of immunity in this model host, allowing us to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying pathogen and parasite response and detailed analyses of both its immune responses against human pathogens, and its coevolution with entomopathogens. Expand
Fungi as elicitors of insect immune responses.
Immunity in lepidopteran insects.
TLDR
New developments in lepidopteran functional genomics should lead to much more complete understanding of the immune systems of this insect group, particularly for cell biology of hemocytes and biochemical analyses of plasma proteins. Expand
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