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Phospholipid Fatty Acid Composition, Biomass, and Activity of Microbial Communities from Two Soil Types Experimentally Exposed to Different Heavy Metals
Effects on the PLFA patterns were found at levels of metal contamination similar to or lower than those at which effects on ATP content, soil respiration, or total amount of PLFAs had occurred. Expand
Microbial biomass measured as total lipid phosphate in soils of different organic content
The use of total lipid phosphate as a measure of biomass was evaluated in soils with different organic matter content. Lipids were extracted with a one-phase mixture of chloroform, methanol, and aExpand
Use and misuse of PLFA measurements in soils
The determination of the phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) pattern of soil organisms has become one of the most commonly used methods to study microbial community structure. Here we recapitulate theExpand
Convergent losses of decay mechanisms and rapid turnover of symbiosis genes in mycorrhizal mutualists
Convergent evolution of the mycorrhizal habit in fungi occurred via the repeated evolution of a 'symbiosis toolkit', with reduced numbers of PCWDEs and lineage-specific suites of myCorrhiza-induced genes. Expand
The genome of Laccaria bicolor provides insights into mycorrhizal symbiosis
The predicted gene inventory of the L. bicolor genome points to previously unknown mechanisms of symbiosis operating in biotrophic mycorrhizal fungi, providing an unparalleled opportunity to develop a deeper understanding of the processes by which symbionts interact with plants within their ecosystem to perform vital functions in the carbon and nitrogen cycles that are fundamental to sustainable plant productivity. Expand
Global patterns of diversity and community structure in marine bacterioplankton
It is concluded that marine bacterioplankton share many of the biogeographical and macroecological features of macroscopic organisms, and the general processes behind those patterns are likely to be comparable across taxa and major global biomes. Expand
Ectomycorrhizal fungi - potential organic matter decomposers, yet not saprotrophs.
It is proposed that ectomycorrhizal fungi benefit from organic matter decomposition primarily through increased nitrogen mobilization rather than through release of metabolic C and questioned is the view that they may act as facultative saprotrophs. Expand
Insights into evolution of multicellular fungi from the assembled chromosomes of the mushroom Coprinopsis cinerea (Coprinus cinereus)
The mushroom Coprinopsis cinerea is a classic experimental model for multicellular development in fungi because it grows on defined media, completes its life cycle in 2 weeks, produces some 108Expand
Improving the Pathogenicity of a Nematode-Trapping Fungus by Genetic Engineering of a Subtilisin with Nematotoxic Activity
It is reported that a subtilisin-like extracellular serine protease designated PII is an important pathogenicity factor in the common nematode-trapping fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora and the paralyzing activity of PII was verified by demonstrating that a heterologous-produced PII had a nematotoxic activity when added to free-living nematodes. Expand