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Tracing European founder lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA pool.
TLDR
There has been substantial back-migration into the Near East, there was a founder effect or bottleneck associated with the Last Glacial Maximum, 20,000 years ago, and a way to account for multiple dispersals of common sequence types is suggested. Expand
Origin and evolution of Native American mtDNA variation: a reappraisal.
TLDR
Reappraising mtDNA control region sequences from aboriginal Siberians and Native Americans confirms in agreement with linguistic, archaeological and climatic evidence that the major wave of migration brought one population, ancestral to the Amerinds, from northeastern Siberia to America 20,000-25,000 years ago. Expand
The emerging tree of West Eurasian mtDNAs: a synthesis of control-region sequences and RFLPs.
TLDR
It is shown that the main indigenous North African cluster is a sister group to the most ancient cluster of European mtDNAs, from which it diverged approximately 50,000 years ago. Expand
Classification of European mtDNAs from an analysis of three European populations.
TLDR
The conclusion that most haplogroups observed in Europe are Caucasoid-specific, and that at least some of them occur at varying frequencies in different Caucasoid populations, is supported. Expand
Asian affinities and continental radiation of the four founding Native American mtDNAs.
TLDR
Observations suggest that the process of tribalization began early in the history of the Amerinds, with relatively little intertribal genetic exchange occurring subsequently. Expand
Origin, diffusion, and differentiation of Y-chromosome haplogroups E and J: inferences on the neolithization of Europe and later migratory events in the Mediterranean area.
TLDR
The phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroups E and J was investigated in >2400 subjects from 29 populations, mainly from Europe and the Mediterranean area but also from Africa and Asia, revealing spatial patterns that are consistent with a Levantine/Anatolian dispersal route to southeastern Europe. Expand
Single, Rapid Coastal Settlement of Asia Revealed by Analysis of Complete Mitochondrial Genomes
TLDR
It is shown that mitochondrial DNA variation in isolated “relict” populations in southeast Asia supports the view that there was only a single dispersal from Africa, most likely via a southern coastal route, through India and onward into southeast Asia and Australasia. Expand
Where west meets east: the complex mtDNA landscape of the southwest and Central Asian corridor.
TLDR
A number of deep-rooting lineages, whose relative clustering and coalescent ages suggest an autochthonous origin in the southwestern Asian corridor during the Pleistocene are observed. Expand
A back migration from Asia to sub-Saharan Africa is supported by high-resolution analysis of human Y-chromosome haplotypes.
TLDR
Phylogeographic analyses suggest that a large component of the present Khoisan gene pool is eastern African in origin and that Asia was the source of a back migration to sub-Saharan Africa. Expand
Erratum to: Most of the extant mtDNA boundaries in South and Southwest Asia were likely shaped during the initial settlement of Eurasia by anatomically modern humans
TLDR
Analysis of the mtDNA haplogroups, which are shared between Indian and Iranian populations and exhibit coalescence ages corresponding to around the early Upper Paleolithic, indicates that they are present in India largely as Indian-specific sub-lineages. Expand
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