The functional basis of face evaluation
A 2D model of face evaluation is developed that suggests that face evaluation involves an overgeneralization of adaptive mechanisms for inferring harmful intentions and the ability to cause harm and can account for rapid, yet not necessarily accurate, judgments from faces.
Inferences of Competence from Faces Predict Election Outcomes
It is shown that inferences of competence based solely on facial appearance predicted the outcomes of U.S. congressional elections better than chance and were linearly related to the margin of victory.
For all judgments—attractiveness, likeability, trustworthiness, competence, and aggressiveness—increased exposure time did not significantly increase the correlations, suggesting that additional time may simply boost confidence in judgments.
Understanding evaluation of faces on social dimensions
Evaluating Faces on Trustworthiness
- A. Todorov
- PsychologyAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
- 1 March 2008
It is argued that face evaluation is an extension of functionally adaptive systems for understanding the communicative meaning of emotional expressions and predicts a nonlinear response in the amygdala to face trustworthiness, confirmed in functional magnetic resonance imaging studies, and dissociations between processing of facial identity and face evaluation, confirm in studies with developmental prosopagnosics.
Social attributions from faces: determinants, consequences, accuracy, and functional significance.
- A. Todorov, Christopher Y. Olivola, R. Dotsch, P. Mende-Siedlecki
- PsychologyAnnual Review of Psychology
- 5 January 2015
It is argued that the diagnostic validity of social attributions from faces has been greatly overstated in the literature and the functional significance of these attributions is offered.
Elected in 100 milliseconds: Appearance-Based Trait Inferences and Voting
Recent research has shown that rapid judgments about the personality traits of political candidates, based solely on their appearance, can predict their electoral success. This suggests that voters…
EvaluaTiNg faCES ON TruSTwOrThiNESS afTEr miNimal TimE ExpOSurE
Previous studies have shown that trustworthiness judgments from facial appearance approximate general valence evaluation of faces (Oosterhof & Todorov, 2008) and are made after as little as 100 ms…
Implicit Trustworthiness Decisions: Automatic Coding of Face Properties in the Human Amygdala
It is suggested that the amygdala automatically categorizes faces according to face properties commonly perceived to signal untrustworthiness, which is better predicted by consensus ratings of trustworthiness than by an individual's own judgments.
Evaluating face trustworthiness: a model based approach.
This model generated novel faces with an increased range of trustworthiness and used these faces as stimuli in a functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging study, although participants did not engage in explicit evaluation of the faces, the amygdala response changed as a function of face trustworthiness.