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Tolerogenic dendritic cells and the quest for transplant tolerance
In recent years, there has been a shift from the perception of dendritic cells (DCs) solely as inducers of immune reactivity to the view that these cells are crucial regulators of immunity, whichExpand
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Endocytosis, intracellular sorting, and processing of exosomes by dendritic cells.
Exosomes are nanovesicles released by leukocytes and epithelial cells. Although their function remains enigmatic, exosomes are a source of antigen and transfer functional major histocompatibilityExpand
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Immunoregulatory functions of mTOR inhibition
The potent immunosuppressive action of rapamycin is commonly ascribed to inhibition of growth factor-induced T cell proliferation. However, it is now evident that the serine/threonine protein kinaseExpand
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Antigen-presenting cell function in the tolerogenic liver environment
The demands that are imposed on the liver as a result of its function as a metabolic organ that extracts nutrients and clears gut-derived microbial products from the blood are met by a uniqueExpand
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Dendritic cells: emerging pharmacological targets of immunosuppressive drugs
Immunosuppressive drugs have revolutionized organ transplantation and improved the therapeutic management of autoimmune diseases. The development of immunosuppressive drugs and understanding of theirExpand
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Rapamycin inhibits IL-4--induced dendritic cell maturation in vitro and dendritic cell mobilization and function in vivo.
Rapamycin (RAPA) is a potent immunosuppressive macrolide hitherto believed to mediate its action primarily via suppression of lymphocyte responses to interleukin 2 (IL-2) and other growth factors. WeExpand
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Organ transplantation—how much of the promise has been realized?
Since the introduction of organ transplantation into medical practice, progress and optimism have been abundant. Improvements in immunosuppressive drugs and ancillary care have led to outstandingExpand
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Rapamycin-Conditioned Dendritic Cells Are Poor Stimulators of Allogeneic CD4+ T Cells, but Enrich for Antigen-Specific Foxp3+ T Regulatory Cells and Promote Organ Transplant Tolerance1
The ability of dendritic cells (DC) to regulate Ag-specific immune responses via their influence on T regulatory cells (Treg) may be key to their potential as therapeutic tools or targets for theExpand
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Fas ligand (CD95L) and B7 expression on dendritic cells provide counter-regulatory signals for T cell survival and proliferation.
Activation of T cells is induced efficiently by dendritic cells (DC), but little is known about the role of DC in the regulation of T cell death. In this study, highly purified DC (DEC-205+, MHCExpand
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Internalization of circulating apoptotic cells by splenic marginal zone dendritic cells: dependence on complement receptors and effect on cytokine production.
Under steady-state conditions, internalization of self-antigens embodied in apoptotic cells by dendritic cells (DCs) resident in peripheral tissue followed by DC migration and presentation ofExpand
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