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Field modeling for transcranial magnetic stimulation: A useful tool to understand the physiological effects of TMS?
Electric field calculations based on numerical methods and increasingly realistic head models are more and more used in research on Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS). However, they are stillExpand
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Determinants of the electric field during transcranial direct current stimulation
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) causes a complex spatial distribution of the electric current flow in the head which hampers the accurate localization of the stimulated brain areas. InExpand
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Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging
Noninvasive imaging at the molecular level is an emerging field in biomedical research. This paper introduces a new technology synergizing two leading imaging methodologies: positron emissionExpand
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Electric field calculations in brain stimulation based on finite elements: An optimized processing pipeline for the generation and usage of accurate individual head models
The need for realistic electric field calculations in human noninvasive brain stimulation is undisputed to more accurately determine the affected brain areas. However, using numerical techniques suchExpand
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Impact of the gyral geometry on the electric field induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation
The spatial extent of the effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on neural tissue is only coarsely understood. One key problem is the realistic calculation of the electric field inducedExpand
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Motor thresholds in humans: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study comparing different pulse waveforms, current directions and stimulator types
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the stimulation effectiveness of different magnetic stimulator devices with respect to pulse waveform and current direction in the motor cortex. METHODS In 8 normal subjectsExpand
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Spatiotemporal structure of intracranial electric fields induced by transcranial electric stimulation in humans and nonhuman primates
Transcranial electric stimulation (TES) is an emerging technique, developed to non-invasively modulate brain function. However, the spatiotemporal distribution of the intracranial electric fieldsExpand
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Neural Correlates of Perceptual Choice and Decision Making during Fear–Disgust Discrimination
In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that brain activation would reflect perceptual choices. To probe this question, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during aExpand
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Electric field properties of two commercial figure-8 coils in TMS: calculation of focality and efficiency
OBJECTIVE To compare two commonly used TMS coils, namely the Medtronic MC-B70 double coil and the Magstim 70 mm double coil, with respect to their electric field distributions induced on the cortex.Expand
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How the brain tissue shapes the electric field induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation
In transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), knowledge of the distribution of the induced electric field is fundamental for a better understanding of the position and extent of the stimulated brainExpand
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