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Crystalline Ropes of Metallic Carbon Nanotubes
X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy showed that fullerene single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs) are nearly uniform in diameter and that they self-organize into “ropes,” which consist of 100 to 500 SWNTs in a two-dimensional triangular lattice with a lattice constant of 17 angstroms.
Diameter-Selective Raman Scattering from Vibrational Modes in Carbon Nanotubes
Single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) that are found as close-packed arrays in crystalline ropes have been studied by using Raman scattering techniques with laser excitation wavelengths in the range
Individual single-wall carbon nanotubes as quantum wires
Carbon nanotubes have been regarded since their discovery1 as potential molecular quantum wires. In the case of multi-wall nanotubes, where many tubes are arranged in a coaxial fashion, the
Single-Electron Transport in Ropes of Carbon Nanotubes
The electrical properties of individual bundles, or “ropes,” of single-walled carbon nanotubes have been measured, and dramatic peaks were observed in the conductance as a function of a gate voltage that modulated the number of electrons in the rope.
Protective efficacy of in vitro synthesized, specific mRNA vaccines against influenza A virus infection
It is shown that mRNA vaccines induce balanced, long-lived and protective immunity to influenza A virus infections in even very young and very old mice and that the vaccine remains protective upon thermal stress.
Developing mRNA-vaccine technologies
Based on in situ protein expression, mRNA vaccines are capable of inducing a balanced immune response comprising both cellular and humoral immunity while not subject to MHC haplotype restriction and are an intrinsically safe vector.
Lorentz force velocimetry.
The scaling law that relates the force on a localized distribution of magnetized material to the velocity of an electrically conducting fluid is derived and shows that LFV, if properly designed, has a wide range of potential applications in metallurgy, semiconductor crystal growth, and glass manufacturing.
Theory of the Lorentz force flowmeter
A Lorentz force flowmeter is a device for the contactless measurement of flow rates in electrically conducting fluids. It is based on the measurement of a force on a magnet system that acts upon the