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Spatio‐temporal patterns and interactions with honeydew‐producing Hemiptera of ants in a Mediterranean citrus orchard
1 The role of ants in the citrus agro‐ecosystem is controversial and understanding their ecology may help to clarify their function. The present study determined the daily and seasonal foragingExpand
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Host discrimination, superparasitism and infanticide by a gregarious endoparasitoid
When a female parasitoid encounters a previously parasitized host she may reject it or accept and oviposit in/on it (superparasitism), frequently adding one or more eggs after killing some of theExpand
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Acute toxicity in laboratory tests of fresh and aged residues of pesticides used in citrus on the parasitoid Aphytis melinus
California red scale Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) is a worldwide citrus key pest. One of the control strategies currently promoted in the Mediterranean basin is theExpand
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Lethal and sublethal effects of spirotetramat on the mealybug destroyer, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri
Spirotetramat is a new systemic insecticide listed in Group 23 of the IRAC mode-of-action classification scheme as an inhibitor of lipid biosynthesis. Side effects assessment on key natural enemiesExpand
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Influence of host size on parasitism by Aphytis chrysomphali and A. melinus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) in Mediterranean populations of California red scale Aonidiella aurantii (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)
Abstract The ectoparasitoids Aphytis chrysomphali Mercet and A. melinus DeBach (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) are the principal natural enemies of California red scale (CRS) Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell)Expand
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Fortuitous biological control of the invasive mealybug Phenacoccus peruvianus in Southern Europe
Phenacoccus peruvianus Granara de Willink (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is a Neotropical invasive mealybug that has rapidly spread throughout Mediterranean Basin. It has established itself as theExpand
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Nonreproductive Effects of Insect Parasitoids on Their Hosts.
The main modes of action of insect parasitoids are considered to be killing their hosts with egg laying followed by offspring development (reproductive mortality), and adults feeding on hostsExpand
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Energy reserves of parasitoids depend on honeydew from non‐hosts
Adult parasitoids depend on sugar‐rich foods such as nectar and honeydew to meet their energy requirements and control insect pests. However, it is poorly known whether parasitoids can detect andExpand
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Competition between honeydew producers in an ant-hemipteran interaction may enhance biological control of an invasive pest.
Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae), is an invasive citrus pest in southern California, which secretes honeydew and has the potential to spread a lethal bacterialExpand
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Sugar as nutritional supplement for the zoophytophagous predator Nesidiocoris tenuis
Nesidiocoris tenuis (Reuter) (Hemiptera: Miridae) is a zoophytophagous predator widely used in integrated pest management programs in both greenhouse and open-field tomato crops. Mass rearing of N.Expand
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