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A Gendered Value Chain Approach to Codes of Conduct in African Horticulture
Codes of conduct covering the employment conditions of Southern producers exporting to European markets mushroomed throughout the 1990s, especially in the horticulture sector linking UK and EuropeanExpand
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Reaching the marginalised? Gender value chains and ethical trade in African horticulture
Ethical trade, through codes of practice, forms an important part of the value chains for horticultural products sourced from Africa by major European buyers. This paper explores the relationshipExpand
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Partnerships in fair trade: Reflections from a case study of Cafe ´direct
In the 1990s, fair trade, as practised by alternative trading organisations (ATOs), has evolved from a solidarity to a partnership model. This paper explores the nature of fair trade partnershipExpand
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Beyond the vertical? Using value chains and governance as a framework to analyse private standards initiatives in agri-food chains
The significance of private standards and associated local level initiatives in agri-food value chains are increasingly recognised. However whilst issues related to compliance and impact at theExpand
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csr and regulation: towards a framework for understanding private standards initiatives in the agri-food chain
Abstract Private standards initiatives (psis) abound in agri-food chains as retailers and brands seek to minimise risks and also respond to new demands from civil society. They represent a new formExpand
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Ethical consumers and ethical trade: a review of currentliterature (NRI Policy Series 12)
This publication reviews the large number of consumer surveys of ethical consumerism, and describes the different types of ethical consumer, their motivation and concerns, their willingness to pay anExpand
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Battlefields of ideas: changing narratives and power dynamics in private standards in global agricultural value chains
The rise of private standards, including those involving multi-stakeholder processes, raises questions about whose interests are served and the kind of power that is exerted to maintain theseExpand
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Unraveling the Notion of “Fair Carbon”: Key Challenges for Standards Development
Standards organizations and NGOs have begun to refer to “fair carbon” projects, and “fairly traded” carbon credits. “Fairness” is a fuzzy notion, subject to multiple and competing interpretations.Expand
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This series is published by ODI, an independent non-profit policy research institute, with financial support from the Department for International Development (formerly the Overseas DevelopmentExpand
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