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Evaluation of Olyset™ insecticide-treated nets distributed seven years previously in Tanzania
BackgroundInsecticide-treated nets represent currently a key malaria control strategy, but low insecticide re-treatment rates remain problematic. Olyset™ nets are currently one of two long-lastingExpand
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A newly identified tick-borne Borrelia species and relapsing fever in Tanzania
Tick-borne relapsing fever caused by the spirochaete Borrelia duttonii is a common cause of serious illness in central Tanzania. Screening of Ornithodoros sp ticks from infested houses for theExpand
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Comparison of the Paracheck-Pf® test with microscopy, for the confirmation of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Tanzania
Abstract Paracheck-Pf is a rapid, qualitative immuno-assay for the detection of Plasmodium falciparum-specific histidine-rich protein-2 in samples of human blood. The assay has now been evaluated,Expand
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Does tick-borne relapsing fever have an animal reservoir in East Africa?
Tick-borne relapsing fevers (TBRF) are caused by infection with Borrelia spirochetes and transmitted to humans by ticks. All except East African TBRF, caused by Borrelia duttonii, are known zoonoses.Expand
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Invasive Bacterial Infections in Neonates and Young Infants Born Outside Hospital Admitted to a Rural Hospital in Kenya
Background: Bacterial sepsis is thought to be a major cause of young infant deaths in low-income countries, but there are few precise estimates of its burden or causes. We studied invasive bacterialExpand
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Arterial intimal hyperplasia after occlusion of the adventitial vasa vasorum in the pig.
Oxygenation of the arterial wall is provided by diffusion of oxygen outward from the main vessel lumen and inward from the adventitial vasa vasorum. In a group of four Yucatan miniature pigs theExpand
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Diarrhoea Complicating Severe Acute Malnutrition in Kenyan Children: A Prospective Descriptive Study of Risk Factors and Outcome
Background Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) accounts for two million deaths worldwide annually. In those hospitalised with SAM, concomitant infections and diarrhoea are frequent complicationsExpand
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New World Relapsing Fever Borrelia Found in Ornithodoros porcinus Ticks in Central Tanzania
Ticks were collected from 8 houses in Mvumi Mission village, near Dodoma, Tanzania. All ticks were examined for Borrelia infestation by flagellin gene‐based nested polymerase chain reaction. AllExpand
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Clinical indicators of bacterial meningitis among neonates and young infants in rural Kenya
BackgroundMeningitis is notoriously difficult to diagnose in infancy because its clinical features are non-specific. World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines suggest several indicative signs, basedExpand
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The prognostic value of dipstick urinalysis in children admitted to hospital with severe malnutrition
Background Children with severe malnutrition (SAM) present to hospital with an array of complications, resulting in high mortality despite adherence to WHO guidelines. Diagnostic resources inExpand
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