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Memory activation and expectancy as prospective predictors of alcohol and marijuana use.
- A. Stacy
- PsychologyJournal of abnormal psychology
- 1 February 1997
The results revealed that the memory association measures significantly predicted subsequent drug use, and outcome expectancies and sensation seeking predicted alcohol use, but not marijuana use.
Automatic and controlled processes and the development of addictive behaviors in adolescents: A review and a model
Implicit cognition and addiction: a tool for explaining paradoxical behavior.
This selective review highlights many of the consistent findings supporting predictive effects of implicit cognition on substance use and abuse in adolescents and adults; reveals a recent integration with dual-process models; outlines the rapid evolution of different measurement tools; and introduces new routes for intervention.
Alcohol Outcome Expectancies: Scale Construction and Predictive Utility in Higher Order Confirmatory Models
The goals of this research were to develop a scale to measure alcohol outcome expectancies that incorporated important features suggested by previous research; to examine the psychometric properties…
Interactions between implicit and explicit cognition and working memory capacity in the prediction of alcohol use in at-risk adolescents.
Implicit Cognition and Addiction
Extensive recent research has begun to unravel the more implicit or automatic cognitive mechanisms in addiction. This effort has increased our understanding of some of the perplexing characteristics…
Exposure to televised alcohol ads and subsequent adolescent alcohol use.
Exposure to televised alcohol commercials was associated with an increased risk of subsequent beer consumption and possibly other consumption variables, and was most consistent for beer.
Alcohol expectancies and drinking in different age groups.
It is suggested that negative expectancy predicts abstention, while positive expectancy predicts level of drinking among drinkers, similar to other expectancy research.
Working memory capacity moderates the predictive effects of drug-related associations on substance use.
- Jerry L. Grenard, S. Ames, R. Wiers, C. Thush, S. Sussman, A. Stacy
- PsychologyPsychology of addictive behaviors : journal of…
Robust multiple regression using least trimmed squares estimation indicated that there was a significant linear by linear interaction between working memory capacity and drug-related associations in memory in the prediction of alcohol and cigarette use.