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The European Water Framework Directive at the age of 10: a critical review of the achievements with recommendations for the future.
The European Water Framework Directive (WFD), which was adopted in 2000, changed water management in all member states of the European Union fundamentally, putting aquatic ecology at the base ofExpand
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Managing aquatic ecosystems and water resources under multiple stress--an introduction to the MARS project.
Water resources globally are affected by a complex mixture of stressors resulting from a range of drivers, including urban and agricultural land use, hydropower generation and climate change.Expand
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Sustaining recreational quality of European lakes: minimizing the health risks from algal blooms through phosphorus control
1. A safe, clean water supply is critical for sustaining many important ecosystem services provided by freshwaters. The development of cyanobacterial blooms in lakes and reservoirs has a major impactExpand
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Protecting and restoring Europe's waters: An analysis of the future development needs of the Water Framework Directive.
The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is a pioneering piece of legislation that aims to protect and enhance aquatic ecosystems and promote sustainable water use across Europe. There is growing concernExpand
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A hitchhiker's guide to European lake ecological assessment and intercalibration
Abstract The Water Framework Directive is the first international legislation to require European countries to establish comparable ecological assessment schemes for their freshwaters. A key elementExpand
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Defining Chlorophyll-a Reference Conditions in European Lakes
The concept of “reference conditions” describes the benchmark against which current conditions are compared when assessing the status of water bodies. In this paper we focus on the establishment ofExpand
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Integrated assessment of ecological status and misclassification of lakes: The role of uncertainty and index combination rules
The European Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires that the ecological status of waterbodies is assessed using multiple biological quality elements (BQEs) that are combined into a single statusExpand
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Lake Ecological Assessment Systems and Intercalibration for the European Water Framework Directive: Aims, Achievements and Further Challenges
Abstract The Water Framework Directive (WFD) has been published in 2000 and the process of its implementation has created a new paradigm in the understanding of ecological status of water bodies inExpand
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The role of strategic choice and the evolution of dynamic capabilities
How are innovations taken to market? Both theoretically and empirically, the process of commercialization has received scant attention. This study investigates the early commercialization process ofExpand
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