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Investigating the Causes of the Response of the Thermohaline Circulation to Past and Future Climate Changes
The Atlantic thermohaline circulation (THC) is an important part of the earth’s climate system. Previous research has shown large uncertainties in simulating future changes in this critical system.Expand
Quantifying Uncertainties in Climate System Properties with the Use of Recent Climate Observations
We derive joint probability density distributions for three key uncertain properties of the climate system, using an optimal fingerprinting approach to compare simulations of an intermediateExpand
Estimated PDFs of climate system properties including natural and anthropogenic forcings
[1] We present revised probability density functions (PDF) for climate system properties (climate sensitivity, rate of deep-ocean heat uptake, and the net aerosol forcing strength) that include theExpand
Probabilistic forecast for twenty-first-century climate based on uncertainties in emissions (without policy) and climate parameters.
Abstract The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model is used to make probabilistic projections of climate change from 1861 to 2100. Since the model’s firstExpand
A model intercomparison of changes in the Atlantic thermohaline circulation in response to increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration
[ 1] As part of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, integrations with a common design have been undertaken with eleven different climate models to compare the response of the AtlanticExpand
Consequences of Considering Carbon–Nitrogen Interactions on the Feedbacks between Climate and the Terrestrial Carbon Cycle
Abstract The impact of carbon–nitrogen dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems on the interaction between the carbon cycle and climate is studied using an earth system model of intermediate complexity,Expand
Indirect Emissions from Biofuels: How Important?
Direct and indirect effects of possible land-use changes from an expanded global cellulosic bioenergy program on greenhouse gas emissions over the 21st century are examined using linked economic and terrestrial biogeochemistry models. Expand
Uncertainty Analysis of Climate Change and Policy Response
To aid climate policy decisions, accurate quantitative descriptions of the uncertainty in climate outcomes under various possible policies are needed. Here, we apply an earth systems model toExpand
Long-term climate commitments projected with climate-carbon cycle models
Eight earth system models of intermediate complexity (EMICs) are used to project climate change commitments for the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC’s) Fourth AssessmentExpand
Integrated Global System Model for Climate Policy Assessment: Feedbacks and Sensitivity Studies
Alternative policies to address global climate change are being debated in many nations and within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. To help provide objective andExpand