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Dietary intakes and food sources of omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
TLDR
The results indicate that the majority of Australians are failing to meet intake recommendations for LC n−3 PUFA (>0.2 g per day) and emphasize the need for strategies, to increase the availability and consumption of n−2-containing foods. Expand
alpha-Linolenic acid supplementation and conversion to n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in humans.
TLDR
The DHA status of infants and adults consuming preformed DHA in their diets is, on average, greater than that of people who do not consume DHA, but not with supplementation of ALA, EPA, or other precursors. Expand
Plasma phospholipid and dietary fatty acids as predictors of type 2 diabetes: interpreting the role of linoleic acid.
TLDR
Dietary saturated fat intake is inversely associated with diabetes risk and more research is required to determine whether linoleic acid is an appropriate dietary substitute. Expand
The role of reducing intakes of saturated fat in the prevention of cardiovascular disease: where does the evidence stand in 2010?
TLDR
The evidence from epidemiologic, clinical, and mechanistic studies is consistent in finding that the risk of CHD is reduced when SFAs are replaced with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), and insufficient evidence exists to judge the effect on CHD risk of replacing SFAs with MUFAs. Expand
Arachidonic acid to eicosapentaenoic acid ratio in blood correlates positively with clinical symptoms of depression
TLDR
It is suggested that the findings of this study provide a basis for studying the effect of the nutritional supplementation of depressed subjects, aimed at reducing the AA/EPA ratio in tissues and severity of depression. Expand
Docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-3): a review of its biological effects.
TLDR
N-3 DPA may have a role in attenuating age-related decrease in spatial learning and long-term potentiation and more research remains to be done to further investigate the biological effects of this n-3 VLCPUFA. Expand
Mice lacking angiotensin-converting enzyme have increased energy expenditure, with reduced fat mass and improved glucose clearance
TLDR
The decreased body fat in ACE−/− mice is independent of food intake and appears to be due to a high energy expenditure related to increased metabolism of fatty acids in the liver, with the additional effect of increased glucose tolerance. Expand
Comparison of lipid content and Fatty Acid composition in the edible meat of wild and cultured freshwater and marine fish and shrimps from china.
TLDR
Two freshwater fish, including bighead carp and silver carp, are comparable to the marine fish as sources of n-3 PUFA, while most of the freshwater fish and shrimps demonstrated much lower total n- 3 PUFA than n-6 PUFA. Expand
Dietary flavanols and procyanidin oligomers from cocoa (Theobroma cacao) inhibit platelet function.
TLDR
Cocoa flavanol and procyanidin supplementation for 28 d significantly increased plasma epicatechin and catechin concentrations and significantly decreased platelet function, which support the results of acute studies that used higher doses of cocoa flavanols and proCyanidins. Expand
Effects of dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on brain gene expression.
TLDR
It is concluded that PUFA-enriched diets lead to significant changes in expression of several genes in the central nervous tissue, and these effects appear to be mainly independent of their effects on membrane composition. Expand
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