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PD-1 and its ligands in tolerance and immunity.
Programmed death 1 (PD-1) and its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, deliver inhibitory signals that regulate the balance between T cell activation, tolerance, and immunopathology. Immune responses to foreignExpand
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Restoring function in exhausted CD8 T cells during chronic viral infection
Functional impairment of antigen-specific T cells is a defining characteristic of many chronic infections, but the underlying mechanisms of T-cell dysfunction are not well understood. To address thisExpand
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The B7 family revisited.
The discovery of new functions for the original B7 family members, together with the identification of additional B7 and CD28 family members, have revealed new ways in which the B7:CD28 familyExpand
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p63 is essential for regenerative proliferation in limb, craniofacial and epithelial development
The p63 gene, a homologue of the tumour-suppressor p53 (refs 1–5), is highly expressed in the basal or progenitor layers of many epithelial tissues. Here we report that mice homozygous for aExpand
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PD-L1 regulates the development, maintenance, and function of induced regulatory T cells
Both the programmed death (PD) 1–PD-ligand (PD-L) pathway and regulatory T (T reg) cells are instrumental to the maintenance of peripheral tolerance. We demonstrate that PD-L1 has a pivotal role inExpand
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The PD‐1 pathway in tolerance and autoimmunity
Summary:  Regulatory T cells (Tregs) and the PD‐1: PD‐ligand (PD‐L) pathway are both critical to terminating immune responses. Elimination of either can result in the breakdown of tolerance and theExpand
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Programmed death-1 ligand 1 interacts specifically with the B7-1 costimulatory molecule to inhibit T cell responses.
Pathways in the B7:CD28 family of costimulatory molecules regulate T cell activation and tolerance. B7-dependent responses in Cd28(-/-)Ctla4(-/-) T cells together with reports of stimulatory andExpand
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p73-deficient mice have neurological, pheromonal and inflammatory defects but lack spontaneous tumours
p73 (ref. 1) has high homology with the tumour suppressor p53 (refs 2,3,4), as well as with p63, a gene implicated in the maintenance of epithelial stem cells. Despite the localization of the p73Expand
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Disruption of the Cbfa2 gene causes necrosis and hemorrhaging in the central nervous system and blocks definitive hematopoiesis.
The CBFA2 (AML1) gene encodes a DNA-binding subunit of the heterodimeric core-binding factor. The CBFA2 gene is disrupted by the (8;21), (3;21), and (12;21) chromosomal translocations associated withExpand
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The costimulatory molecule ICOS regulates the expression of c-Maf and IL-21 in the development of follicular T helper cells and TH-17 cells
The inducible costimulatory molecule ICOS has been suggested to be important in the development of interleukin 17 (IL-17)-producing helper T cells (TH-17 cells) and of follicular helper T cells (TFHExpand
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