• Publications
  • Influence
Anaemia in low-income and middle-income countries
Anaemia is disproportionately concentrated in low socioeconomic groups, and that maternal anaemia is strongly associated with child anaemia, and the epidemiology, clinical assessment, pathophysiology, and consequences of anaemia in low-income and middle-income countries are reviewed. Expand
Zinc and immune function: the biological basis of altered resistance to infection.
Parts of zinc biology of the immune system are explored and a biological basis for the altered host resistance to infections observed during zinc deficiency and supplementation is attempted. Expand
Potential contribution of maternal zinc supplementation during pregnancy to maternal and child survival.
The purpose of this review was to provide a conceptual framework for evaluating the public health importance of maternal zinc deficiency as it relates to fetal growth and development, complications of pregnancy, labor and delivery, and maternal and infant health. Expand
Nutritional modulation of malaria morbidity and mortality.
  • A. Shankar
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of infectious diseases
  • 1 September 2000
Study of the interactions between nutrition and malaria may provide insight to protective mechanisms and result in nutrient-based interventions as low-cost and effective adjuncts to current methods of malaria prevention and treatment. Expand
Countdown to 2015 for maternal, newborn, and child survival: the 2008 report on tracking coverage of interventions
Focused efforts will be needed to improve coverage of priority interventions, especially for priorities such as contraceptive services, care in childbirth, postnatal care, and clinical case management of illnesses in newborn babies and children. Expand
The influence of zinc supplementation on morbidity due to Plasmodium falciparum: a randomized trial in preschool children in Papua New Guinea.
Improved dietary zinc intake may reduce morbidity due to P. falciparum infection, and a randomized placebo-controlled trial of daily zinc supplementation in children residing in a malaria endemic region of Papua New Guinea suggests this. Expand
Determinants of low birthweight, small‐for‐gestational‐age and preterm birth in Lombok, Indonesia: analyses of the birthweight cohort of the SUMMIT trial
To examine the determinants of low birthweight, small‐for‐gestation (SGA) and preterm births in Lombok, Indonesia, an area of high infant mortality, the objective was to examine the impact of environmental factors on infant mortality. Expand
Effect of vitamin A supplementation on morbidity due to Plasmodium falciparum in young children in Papua New Guinea: a randomised trial
Vitamin A supplementation may be an effective low-cost strategy to lower morbidity due to P. falciparum in young children and the findings suggest that clinical episodes, spleen enlargement, and parasite density are influenced by different immunological mechanisms from infection and anaemia. Expand
Universal health coverage in Indonesia: concept, progress, and challenges
The innovative UHC initiative of Indonesia is described along with the future roadmap required to meet sustainable development goals by 2030, and high costs for non-communicable diseases warrant new features for prevention and promotion of healthy lifestyles. Expand
Effect of maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation on fetal loss and infant death in Indonesia: a double-blind cluster-randomised trial
Maternal MMN supplementation, as compared with IFA, can reduce early infant mortality, especially in undernourished and anaemic women, and might be an important part of overall strengthening of prenatal-care programmes. Expand