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A prospective study of anal sphincter injury due to childbirth.
BACKGROUND Faecal incontinence commonly affects women, principally because of childbirth. Our aims were to determine the functional effect of childbirth on the pressures generated by the analExpand
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Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction produces acute pancreatitis in the possum
BACKGROUND Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction has been implicated as a cause of various forms of acute pancreatitis. However, there is no direct evidence to show that sphincter of Oddi dysfunction canExpand
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Prospective trial of pelvic floor retraining in patients with fecal incontinence
PURPOSE: Our aim was to prospectively evaluate pelvic floor retraining (PFR) in improving symptomatic fecal incontinence. METHODS: PFR was used to treat 30 patients with fecal incontinence (28 women;Expand
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Anal sphincter tears in patients with rectal prolapse and faecal incontinence
Objective  Faecal incontinence often persists after surgery for rectal prolapse. Multiple mechanisms have been proposed as responsible, however, anal sphincter integrity has only been studied in aExpand
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Prolonged pudendal nerve terminal motor latency is associated with decreased resting and squeeze pressures in the intact anal sphincter
To determine the contribution of the pudendal nerve to the anal continence mechanism by determining the correlation between pudendal nerve terminal motor latency (PNTML) and resting and squeeze analExpand
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Inhibitory motor innervation of the gall bladder musculature by intrinsic neurones containing nitric oxide in the Australian Brush-tailed possum (Trichosurus vulpecula)
BACKGROUND Gall bladder functions are modulated by neurones intrinsic to the organ. Data are available on the neurochemical composition of intrinsic and extrinsic nerves innervating the gall bladderExpand
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Sphincter of Oddi function in the Australian brush‐tailed possum is inhibited by intragastric ethanol
Abstract  The role of sphincter of Oddi (SO) function in alcoholic acute pancreatitis (AP) is unclear. We aimed to compare the effect of i.v. and intragastric (IG) ethanol on SO function (i.e.Expand
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Characterization of the intrinsic and extrinsic innervation of the gall bladder epithelium in the Australian Brush‐tailed possum (Trichosurus vulpecula)
Abstract Intrinsic neurones of the gall bladder modulate its function. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) are present in gall bladder neurones and nitric oxideExpand
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Secretin induces variable inhibition of motility in different parts of the Australian possum sphincter of Oddi
The sphincter of Oddi (SO) may not function as a single structure. We aimed to determine the response of the proximal and distal segments of the bile duct (BD‐SO) and pancreatic duct (PD‐SO)Expand
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Proximal and Distal Segments of the Possum Sphincter of Oddi Respond Differently to Neural and Cholecystokinin Octapeptide Stimulation in vitro
Background/Aims: Previous studies have demonstrated separate pancreatic duct (PD) and bile duct (BD) components of the sphincter of Oddi (SO) and suggested distinct proximal and distal functionalExpand
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