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Performance in Competitive Environments: Gender Differences
Even though the provision of equal opportunities for men and women has been a priority in many countries, large gender differences prevail in competitive high-ranking positions. Suggested
Ambiguity Aversion, Robustness, and the Variational Representation of Preferences
We characterize, in the Anscombe-Aumann framework, the preferences for which there are a utility functionu on outcomes and an ambiguity indexc on the set of probabilities on the states of the world
Pay Enough or Don't Pay at All
Economists usually assume that monetary incentives improve performance, and psychologists claim that the opposite may happen. We present and discuss a set of experiments designed to test these
A Fine is a Price
The deterrence hypothesis predicts that the introduction of a penalty that leaves everything else unchanged will reduce the occurrence of the behavior subject to the fine. We present the result of a
Genome-wide association study identifies 74 loci associated with educational attainment
Because educational attainment is measured in large numbers of individuals, it will continue to be useful as a proxy phenotype in efforts to characterize the genetic influences of related phenotypes, including cognition and neuropsychiatric diseases.
Cognitive skills affect economic preferences, strategic behavior, and job attachment
It is suggested that higher CS systematically affect preferences and choices in ways that favor economic success, and in particular, the ability to plan strongly predict perseverance on the job in a setting with a substantial financial penalty for early exit.
Ž. We extend Kreps’ 1979 analysis of preference for flexibility, reinterpreted by Kreps Ž. 1992 as a model of unforeseen contingencies. We enrich the choice set, consequently obtaining uniqueness
Gender and competition at a young age
Gender gaps may be observed in a variety of economic and social environments. One of the possible determining factors is that men are more competitive than women and so, when the competitiveness of
GWAS of 126,559 Individuals Identifies Genetic Variants Associated with Educational Attainment
Three genetic loci are found to explain variation associated with educational achievement and provide promising candidate SNPs for follow-up work, and effect size estimates can anchor power analyses in social-science genetics.
Individual Behavior and Group Membership
People who are members of a group and identify with it behave differently from people who perceive themselves as isolated individuals. This paper shows that group membership affects preferences over