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Swimming constraints and arm coordination.
Following Newell's concept of constraint (1986), we sought to identify the constraints (organismic, environmental and task) on front crawl performance, focusing on arm coordination adaptations over… Expand
Relative contribution of arms and legs in humans to propulsion in 25-m sprint front-crawl swimming
Abstract Eight male subjects were asked to swim 25 m at maximal velocity while the use of the arm(s) and legs was alternately restricted. Four situations were examined using one arm (1A), two arms… Expand
Determinants of the energy cost of front-crawl swimming in children
Abstract. The aim of the present study was to define the determinants of the energy cost of swimming (Cs) in children. Eleven healthy children [mean (SD) age: 12.42 (0.53) years] who practised… Expand
Effects of a high-intensity swim test on kinematic parameters in high-level athletes.
- Y. Aujouannet, M. Bonifazi, F. Hintzy, N. Vuillerme, A. Rouard
- Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism…
- 1 April 2006
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a high-intensity swim test among top-level swimmers on (i) the spatial and temporal parameters of both the stroke and the 3-D fingertip pattern… Expand
Wrist stabilisation and forearm muscle coactivation during freestyle swimming.
- V. Caty, Y. Aujouannet, F. Hintzy, M. Bonifazi, J. Clarys, A. Rouard
- Journal of electromyography and kinesiology…
- 1 June 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the stabilisation of the wrist joint and the ad hoc wrist muscles activations during the two principal phases of the freestyle stroke. Seven male international… Expand
Cocontraction in the elbow and shoulder muscles during rapid cyclic movements in an aquatic environment.
The purpose of this study was to document the cocontraction patterns of the combined wrist-elbow-shoulder joint muscles during maximal-effort swimming. The subjects, nine high-performance athletes,… Expand
Fatigue induced by a cross-country skiing KO sprint.
- Raphaël Zory, G. Millet, F. Schena, L. Bortolan, A. Rouard
- Medicine and science in sports and exercise
- 1 December 2006
PURPOSE The aims of the present study were 1) to analyze whether the KO sprint simulation induced a phenomenon of fatigue of upper and lower limbs and 2) if there was any fatigue, to determine its… Expand
Effects of fatigue on inter-cycle variability in cross-country skiing.
The aim of the study was to examine the inter-cycle variability in cross-country skiing gait and its evolution with fatigue. Both issues were investigated to understand the flexibility capabilities… Expand
Effect of fatigue on double pole kinematics in sprint cross-country skiing.
- R. Zory, N. Vuillerme, B. Pellegrini, F. Schena, A. Rouard
- Medicine, Psychology
- Human movement science
- 1 February 2009
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of fatigue (physiological, mechanical, and muscular parameters) induced by a sprint simulation on kinematic parameters (cycle, phases, and… Expand
Muscular activations during repetitions of sculling movements up to exhaustion in swimming.
- A. Rouard, R. Billat, V. Deschodt, J. Clarys
- Biology, Medicine
- Archives of physiology and biochemistry
- 1 December 1997
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the repetition of sculling movements of the upper limb on muscular electrical activities during an exhaustive test in front crawl. Six upper… Expand