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Efficacy of climate forcings
[1] We use a global climate model to compare the effectiveness of many climate forcing agents for producing climate change. We find a substantial range in the “efficacy” of different forcings, whereExpand
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Present-Day Atmospheric Simulations Using GISS ModelE: Comparison to In Situ, Satellite, and Reanalysis Data
Abstract A full description of the ModelE version of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) and results are presented for present-day climateExpand
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Configuration and Assessment of the GISS ModelE2 Contributions to the CMIP5 Archive
We present a description of the ModelE2 version of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) General Circulation Model (GCM) and the configurations used in the simulations performed for theExpand
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Dangerous human-made interference with climate: a GISS modelE study
We investigate the issue of "dangerous human-made interference with climate" using simulations with GISS modelE driven by measured or estimated forcings for 1880–2003 and extended to 2100 for IPCCExpand
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Climate simulations for 1880–2003 with GISS modelE
We carry out climate simulations for 1880–2003 with GISS modelE driven by ten measured or estimated climate forcings. An ensemble of climate model runs is carried out for each forcing actingExpand
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Future climate change under RCP emission scenarios with GISS ModelE2
We examine the anthropogenically forced climate response for the 21st century representative concentration pathway (RCP) emission scenarios and their extensions for the period 2101–2500. TheExpand
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Evaporation–Precipitation Variability over the Mediterranean and the Black Seas from Satellite and Reanalysis Estimates
Abstract Satellite retrievals of surface evaporation and precipitation from the Hamburg Ocean Atmosphere Parameters and Fluxes from Satellite Data (HOAPS-3) dataset are used to document theExpand
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Mechanisms of Microbial Carbon Sequestration in the Ocean - Future Research Directions
This paper reviews progress on understanding bi- ological carbon sequestration in the ocean with special refer- ence to the microbial formation and transformation of recal- citrant dissolved organicExpand
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20th century changes in surface solar irradiance in simulations and observations
[1] The amount of solar irradiance reaching the surface is a key parameter in the hydrological and energy cycles of the Earth's climate. We analyze 20th Century simulations using nineExpand
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Sea level rise
1. Global mean sea level (GMSL) has risen by about 7–8 inches (about 16–21 cm) since 1900, with about 3 of those inches (about 7 cm) occurring since 1993 (very high confidence). Human-caused climateExpand
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