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Domoic acid and human exposure risks: a review.
A basic description of the mechanism of action of domoic acid is provided as well as a synthesis of information pertaining to domeic acid exposure routes, toxin susceptibility, and the importance of effective monitoring programs are provided. Expand
First report of saxitoxin in Finnish lakes and possible associated effects on human health
This study is the first report of saxitoxin in cyanobacterial blooms in Finland. Bloom samples (n = 50) were collected from Finnish freshwater sites during summer months of 2002 and 2003. TheseExpand
Influence of Environmental Variables on Gambierdiscus spp. (Dinophyceae) Growth and Distribution
Gambierdiscus growth patterns varied among species, and within individual species: G. pacificus generally exhibited a wider range of tolerance to environmental conditions, which may explain their broad geographic distribution, while G. belizeanus, G. caribaeus, and GambierDiscus sp. Expand
The current understanding of PST transmission through tropical food webs is evaluated and the prevalence of PST intoxications in tropical regions and their social and economic costs are considered. Expand
Clinical signs and histopathology associated with domoic acid poisoning in northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus) and comparison of toxin detection methods
These data document for the first time that northern fur seals are impacted by DA-producing harmful algal blooms along the California coast. Expand
Characterization of a toxic Pseudo-nitzschia spp. bloom in the Northern Gulf of Mexico associated with domoic acid accumulation in fish
This is the first demonstration of trophic transfer of DA in this region of the NGOM, indicating that toxic blooms of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. Expand
Ciguatoxin prevalence in 4 commercial fish species along an oceanic exposure gradient in the US Virgin Islands.
Investigation of the prevalence of ciguatoxins in 4 commonly marketed and consumed species across an oceanic gradient from the US Virgin Islands concurred with spatial ciguatera fish poisoning prevalence information provided by local fishers in theUS Virgin Islands and demonstrates how partnerships between researchers and fishers can aid the improvement of science-based ciguatoraFish poisoning management. Expand
DNA barcoding significantly improves resolution of invasive lionfish diet in the Northern Gulf of Mexico
DNA barc coding greatly enhanced the ability to describe invasive lionfish diet in this study, suggesting that even studies with relatively large diet sample sizes could benefit from barcoding analysis. Expand
Post-mortem analysis of samples from a human victim of a fatal poisoning caused by the xanthid crab, Zosimus aeneus.
The PST composition in the gut contents was intermediate between the eaten crab and the urine suggesting that toxin conversion commenced in the victim's gut, and the dose consumed by the victim was calculated to be between 1 and 2 microg STX equivalents/kg. Expand
Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning, Washington, USA, 2011
An illness cluster in the United States in which toxins were confirmed in shellfish from a commercial harvest area, leading to product recall is reported, and ongoing surveillance is needed to prevent similar illness outbreaks. Expand