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Acute Toxicity of Copper Sulfate and Potassium Dichromate on Stygobiont Proasellus: General Aspects of Groundwater Ecotoxicology and Future Perspectives
Karst systems harbor large groundwater resources for human consumption and represent an important habitat for rare and unprotected specialized animals, the so-called stygofauna. Due to the highly
Scientists' Warning on the Conservation of Subterranean Ecosystems
In light of recent alarming trends in human population growth, climate change, and other environmental modifications, a “Warning to humanity” manifesto was published in BioScience in 2017. This
The effect of environmental parameters and cyanobacterial blooms on phytoplankton dynamics of a Portuguese temperate Lake
The increasing occurrence of cyanobacterial blooms in freshwaters is of great concern due to the ability of many cyanobacteria to produce cyanotoxins. In the present work, the eutrophied Vela Lake
Salinity and temperature increase impact groundwater crustaceans
Salinity and temperature increases pose a risk to the ecological integrity of groundwater ecosystems, as highlighted by results of a test of temperature and salinity tolerance of groundwater-adapted invertebrates.
The subterranean fauna of a biodiversity hotspot region - Portugal: an overview and its conservation
INTRODUCTION Extensive biological studies have been made in the main karst areas around the world, namely in the eastern United States of America and in the region from the Pyrenees to Slovenia and
From the depths: Heterocaucaseuma deprofundum sp. nov., the world's deepest-occurring millipede (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Anthroleucosomatidae) from caves in the western Caucasus.
We describe a new anthroleucosomatid millipede, Heterocaucaseuma deprofundum sp. nov., found in the second and third deepest caves of our planet, Krubera-Voronja and Sarma, in Abkhazia, western
The cavernicolous Oniscidea (Crustacea: Isopoda) of Portugal
The study of subterranean Oniscidea in Portugal has been neglected for nearly 70 years, but recent investigations have revealed high diversity, and terrestrial isopods are the richest group of cave-adapted animals.
A new species of Speonemadus from Portugal, with the revision of the escalerai-group (Coleoptera, Leiodidae)
Over recent years, intense field work in caves of Portugal has provided new data on the distribution of subterranean Iberian leiodid beetles. Speonemadus algarvensis sp. nov. is described from caves
A new threat to groundwater ecosystems: first occurrences of the invasive crayfish Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) in European caves
The American red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, is today the alien species most widespread in European water bodies, and represents a new threat for the groundwater ecosystems due to the possible negative impacts on the native communities.