Differences Between Tight and Loose Cultures: A 33-Nation Study
The differences across cultures in the enforcement of conformity may reflect their specific histories and advances knowledge that can foster cross-cultural understanding in a world of increasing global interdependence and has implications for modeling cultural change.
Why can't a man be more like a woman? Sex differences in Big Five personality traits across 55 cultures.
- D. Schmitt, A. Realo, M. Voracek, J. Allik
- PsychologyJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Overall, higher levels of human development--including long and healthy life, equal access to knowledge and education, and economic wealth--were the main nation-level predictors of larger sex differences in personality.
GWAS of 126,559 Individuals Identifies Genetic Variants Associated with Educational Attainment
Three genetic loci are found to explain variation associated with educational achievement and provide promising candidate SNPs for follow-up work, and effect size estimates can anchor power analyses in social-science genetics.
Individualism-Collectivism and Social Capital
Many social scientists have predicted that one inevitable consequence of modernization is the unlimited growth of individualism, which poses serious threats to the organic unity of society. Others…
Genetic variants associated with subjective well-being, depressive symptoms and neuroticism identified through genome-wide analyses
Across the phenotypes, loci regulating expression in central nervous system and adrenal or pancreas tissues are strongly enriched for association and the two loci associated with depressive symptoms replicate in an independent depression sample.
The role of positive and negative emotions in life satisfaction judgment across nations.
Findings show how emotional aspects of the good life vary with national culture and how this depends on the values that characterize one's society.
National Character Does Not Reflect Mean Personality Trait Levels in 49 Cultures
Perceptions of national character appear to be unfounded stereotypes that may serve the function of maintaining a national identity.
Age-related differences in emotion recognition ability: a cross-sectional study.
Although age-related differences in the recognition of expression of emotion were not mediated by personality traits, 2 of the Big 5 traits, openness and conscientiousness, made an independent contribution to emotion-recognition performance.
Perceptions of aging across 26 cultures and their culture-level associates.
Cross-cultural variations in aging perceptions were associated with culture-level indicators of population aging, education levels, values, and national character stereotypes and were stronger for societal views on aging and perceptions of socioemotional changes than for perceptions of physical and cognitive changes.
Genetic Associations with Subjective Well-Being Also Implicate Depression and Neuroticism
A series of separate and joint analyses of SWB, depressive symptoms (DS), and neuroticism are reported, finding that the quasi-replication record closely matches what would be expected given the statistical power if none of the genome-wide significant associations were chance findings.