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Transcription Factor E2-2 Is an Essential and Specific Regulator of Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Development
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) represent a unique immune cell type specialized in type I interferon (IFN) secretion in response to viral nucleic acids. The molecular control of PDC lineageExpand
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Germline KRAS mutations cause Noonan syndrome
Noonan syndrome (MIM 163950) is characterized by short stature, facial dysmorphism and cardiac defects. Heterozygous mutations in PTPN11, which encodes SHP-2, cause ∼50% of cases of Noonan syndrome.Expand
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Range of genetic mutations associated with severe non-syndromic sporadic intellectual disability: an exome sequencing study
BACKGROUND The genetic cause of intellectual disability in most patients is unclear because of the absence of morphological clues, information about the position of such genes, and suitable screeningExpand
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Mutations in GRIN2A and GRIN2B encoding regulatory subunits of NMDA receptors cause variable neurodevelopmental phenotypes
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors mediate excitatory neurotransmission in the mammalian brain. Two glycine-binding NR1 subunits and two glutamate-binding NR2 subunits each form highlyExpand
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Mutations in the Pericentrin (PCNT) Gene Cause Primordial Dwarfism
Fundamental processes influencing human growth can be revealed by studying extreme short stature. Using genetic linkage analysis, we find that biallelic loss-of-function mutations in the centrosomalExpand
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Diagnostic yield of various genetic approaches in patients with unexplained developmental delay or mental retardation
The underlying cause of mental retardation remains unknown in up to 80% of patients. As chromosomal aberrations are the most common known cause of mental retardation, several new methods based onExpand
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Mutations in STRA6 cause a broad spectrum of malformations including anophthalmia, congenital heart defects, diaphragmatic hernia, alveolar capillary dysplasia, lung hypoplasia, and mental
We observed two unrelated consanguineous families with malformation syndromes sharing anophthalmia and distinct eyebrows as common signs, but differing for alveolar capillary dysplasia or complexExpand
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Contribution of global rare copy-number variants to the risk of sporadic congenital heart disease.
Previous studies have shown that copy-number variants (CNVs) contribute to the risk of complex developmental phenotypes. However, the contribution of global CNV burden to the risk of sporadicExpand
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Clinical and molecular delineation of the 17q21.31 microdeletion syndrome
Background: The chromosome 17q21.31 microdeletion syndrome is a novel genomic disorder that has originally been identified using high resolution genome analyses in patients with unexplained mentalExpand
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Systematic assessment of atypical deletions reveals genotype–phenotype correlation in 22q11.2
Introduction: Clinical variability associated with the common 22q11.2 microdeletion is well known, and has led to a broad application of FISH diagnostics with probes for loci TUPLE1 or D22S75 (N25),Expand
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