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The Path Forward for Biofuels and Biomaterials
Biomass represents an abundant carbon-neutral renewable resource for the production of bioenergy and biomaterials, and its enhanced use would address several societal needs. Advances in genetics,Expand
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Lignin Valorization: Improving Lignin Processing in the Biorefinery
Background Lignin, nature’s dominant aromatic polymer, is found in most terrestrial plants in the approximate range of 15 to 40% dry weight and provides structural integrity. Traditionally, mostExpand
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Review of current and future softwood kraft lignin process chemistry
Abstract The structure of lignin has remained one of the most difficult biopolymers to characterize, however recent advances in analytical chemistry and spectroscopy have dramatically improved ourExpand
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Poplar as a feedstock for biofuels: A review of compositional characteristics
The growing demand for transportation fuels, along with concerns about the harmful effects of greenhouse gas emissions from the burning of fossil fuels, has assured a viable future for theExpand
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Assessing the molecular structure basis for biomass recalcitrance during dilute acid and hydrothermal pretreatments
The production of cellulosic ethanol from biomass is considered a promising alternative to reliance on diminishing supplies of fossil fuels, providing a sustainable option for fuels production in anExpand
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Pseudo-lignin and pretreatment chemistry
The formation of pseudo-lignin by the combination of carbohydrate and lignin degradation products has been proposed to be responsible for the increased Klason lignin content in biomass pretreatedExpand
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Pseudo-lignin formation and its impact on enzymatic hydrolysis.
Pseudo-lignin, which can be broadly defined as aromatic material that yields a positive Klason lignin value and is not derived from native lignin, has been recently reported to form during the diluteExpand
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From wood to fuels: Integrating biofuels and pulp production
Bioethanol currently contributes ∼2% to the total US transportation fuels mix, and another ∼0.01% is based on biodiesel. To make a substantial contribution to the United States' energy portfolio,Expand
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The new forestry biofuels sector
Society's increasing demand for transportation fuels has assured a viable future for the development of renewable fuels. Although first-generation biofuels are dependent on starches, sugars andExpand
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Bioconversion of lignin model compounds with oleaginous Rhodococci
Although economically efficient biomass conversion depends on the utilization of the complete cell wall (biorefinery concept), including polysaccharides and lignin, current biofuels researchExpand
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