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Reproducibility, power and validity of visual analogue scales in assessment of appetite sensations in single test meal studies
TLDR
VAS scores are reliable for appetite research and do not seem to be influenced by prior diet standardization, however, consideration should be given to the specific parameters being measured, their sensitivity and study power. Expand
Glucagon-like peptide 1 promotes satiety and suppresses energy intake in humans.
TLDR
The results show that GLP-1 enhanced satiety and reduced energy intake and thus may play a physiological regulatory role in controlling appetite and energy intake in humans. Expand
Sucrose compared with artificial sweeteners: different effects on ad libitum food intake and body weight after 10 wk of supplementation in overweight subjects.
TLDR
Overweight subjects who consumed fairly large amounts of sucrose (28% of energy), mostly as beverages, had increased energy intake, body weight, fat mass, and blood pressure after 10 wk, and these effects were not observed in a similar group of subjects who consume artificial sweeteners. Expand
No difference in body weight decrease between a low-glycemic-index and a high-glycemic-index diet but reduced LDL cholesterol after 10-wk ad libitum intake of the low-glycemic-index diet.
TLDR
This study does not support the contention that low-fat LGI diets are more beneficial than HGI diets with regard to appetite or body-weight regulation as evaluated over 10 wk, but it confirms previous findings of a beneficial effect ofLGI diets on risk factors for ischemic heart disease. Expand
Meals with similar energy densities but rich in protein, fat, carbohydrate, or alcohol have different effects on energy expenditure and substrate metabolism but not on appetite and energy intake.
TLDR
The data do not support the proposed relation between the macronutrient oxidation hierarchy and the satiety hierarchy, and despite differences in substrate metabolism and hormone concentrations, satiety and ad libitum energy intake were not significantly different between meals. Expand
Effect of 8 week intake of probiotic milk products on risk factors for cardiovascular diseases
TLDR
The CAUSIDO® culture reduced LDL-cholesterol and increased fibrinogen in the overweight subjects at a 450 ml consumption daily for 8 weeks, confirming previous studies. Expand
Glucose kinetics during prolonged exercise in highly trained human subjects: effect of glucose ingestion
TLDR
The vast majority of glucose disappearing from the plasma is oxidized and MCR increased markedly with glucose ingestion, suggesting that gluconeogenesis in these conditions is negligible. Expand
Effect of sensory perception of foods on appetite and food intake: a review of studies on humans
TLDR
Results from studies investigating the link between the sensory perception of food and human appetite regulation are reviewed, finding that increasing the food variety can increase food and energy intake and in the short to medium term alter energy balance. Expand
Resistant starch: the effect on postprandial glycemia, hormonal response, and satiety.
TLDR
Replacement of digestible starch with RS resulted in significant reductions in postprandial glycemia and insulinemia, and in the subjective sensations of satiety. Expand
Meta-analysis of resting metabolic rate in formerly obese subjects.
TLDR
A meta-analysis based on published studies of RMR in formerly obese persons and matched control subjects and found the existence of a low RMR is likely to contribute to the high rate of weight regain in formerly obesity persons. Expand
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