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Social Capital: Its Origins and Applications in Modern Sociology
This paper reviews the origins and definitions of social capital in the writings of Bourdieu, Loury, and Coleman, among other authors. It distinguishes four sources of social capital and examinesExpand
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The New Second Generation: Segmented Assimilation and its Variants
Post-1965 immigration to the United States has given rise to a vigorous literature focused on adult newcomers. There is, however, a growing new second generation whose prospects of adaptation cannotExpand
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Embeddedness and Immigration: Notes on the Social Determinants of Economic Action
This article contributes to the reemerging field of economic sociology by (1) delving into its classic roots to refine current concepts and (2) using examples from the immigration literature toExpand
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The study of transnationalism: pitfalls and promise of an emergent research field
This introductory article defines the concept of transnationalism, provides a typology of this heterogeneous set of activities, and reviews some of the pitfalls in establishing and validating theExpand
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The Two Meanings of Social Capital
The popularity of the concept of social capital has been accompanied by increasing controversy about its actual meaning and effects. I consider here the alternative applications of the concept as anExpand
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Transnational entrepreneurs: An alternative form of immigrant economic adaptation
The recent literature on immigrant transnationalism points to an alternative form of economic adaptation of foreign minorities in advanced societies that is based on the mobilization of theirExpand
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Assimilation and Transnationalism: Determinants of Transnational Political Action among Contemporary Migrants1
This article presents evidence of the scale, relative intensity, and social determinants of immigrants’ transnational political engagement. It demonstrates that a stable and significant transnationalExpand
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Immigration Theory for a New Century: Some Problems and Opportunities 1
  • A. Portes
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • The International migration review
  • 1 December 1997
This essay examines some of the pitfalls in contemporary immigration theory and reviews some of the most promising developments in research in this field. As a data-driven field or study, immigrationExpand
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The downside of social capital
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Conclusion: Towards a new world - the origins and effects of transnational activities
The preceding set of articles is reviewed with a focus on the forces affecting the rise and character of grass-roots transnationalism and its effects in countries of origin and destination. TheExpand
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