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Fermentation of Fructooligosaccharides and Inulin by Bifidobacteria: a Comparative Study of Pure and Fecal Cultures
It is observed that bifidobacteria grew by cross-feeding on mono- and oligosaccharides produced by primary inulin intestinal degraders, as evidenced by the high hydrolytic activity of fecal supernatants. Expand
Folate Production by Bifidobacteria as a Potential Probiotic Property
Fecal culture experiments demonstrated that the addition of B. adolescentis MB 239 may increase the folate concentration in the colonic environment. Expand
Antioxidant properties of potentially probiotic bacteria: in vitro and in vivo activities
Probiotic strains which are capable to limit excessive amounts of reactive radicals in vivo may contribute to prevent and control several diseases associated with oxidative stress. Expand
In vitro comparison of the prebiotic effects of two inulin-type fructans.
It is shown that inulin-type fructan containing high solubility inulin with higher DP might have a prolonged bifidogenic effect, thus could extend the saccharolytic metabolism and low pH to the distal parts of the colon. Expand
Effects of Saccharomyces boulardii on fecal short-chain fatty acids and microflora in patients on long-term total enteral nutrition.
Sb-induced increase of fecal SCFA concentrations (especially butyrate) may explain the preventive effects of this yeast on TEN-induced diarrhea. Expand
Sensitive and selective determination of glutathione in probiotic bacteria by capillary electrophoresis–laser induced fluorescence
A very sensitive and selective analytical method based on capillary electrophoresis coupled to laser-induced fluorescence detection has been developed and shown to be of suitable sensitivity and selectivity for determination of GSH in probiotic cell lysates. Expand
Administration of folate-producing bifidobacteria enhances folate status in Wistar rats.
The simultaneous administration of oligofructose and folate-producing bifidobacteria enhance their effectiveness on folate status, and new perspectives on the specific use of probiotics to deliver important vitamins such as folate are provided. Expand
Effect of a Lactobacillus animalis strain on composition and metabolism of the intestinal microflora in adult dogs.
The present results show that LA4 was able to survive gastrointestinal passage and transitorily colonize the dog intestine where, based on the in vitro results, it could positively influence composition and metabolism of the intestinal microflora. Expand
Growth kinetics on oligo‐ and polysaccharides and promising features of three antioxidative potential probiotic strains
Aims:  To determine the antioxidative activity, glutathione production, acid and bile tolerance and carbohydrate preferences of Lactobacillus plantarum LP 1, Streptococcus thermophilus Z 57 andExpand
Total artificial nutrition is associated with major changes in the fecal flora
Both TPN and TEN induce modifications in the intestinal microflora, and during TPN, a homogeneous decrease occurs in both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, while aerobic bacteria are increased. Expand