Toward a model of eye movement control in reading.
The authors present several versions of a general model, titled the E-Z Reader model, of eye movement control in reading, which appears to be psychologically plausible and gives a good account of many phenomena in reading.
The E-Z Reader model of eye-movement control in reading: Comparisons to other models
An updated version of the E-Z Reader model is provided and it is described how it accounts for basic findings about eye movement control in reading and how the cognitive constructs of this model might map onto this neural architecture.
The effect of word frequency, word predictability, and font difficulty on the eye movements of young and older readers.
- K. Rayner, E. Reichle, Michael J. Stroud, Carrick C. Williams, A. Pollatsek
- PsychologyPsychology and Aging
- 1 September 2006
The E-Z Reader model was used as a platform to evaluate the results, and simulations suggest that lexical processing is slowed in older readers and that, possibly as a result of this, they adopt a more risky reading strategy.
Unspaced text interferes with both word identification and eye movement control
The effects of frequency and predictability on eye fixations in reading: implications for the E-Z Reader model.
- K. Rayner, J. Ashby, A. Pollatsek, E. Reichle
- PsychologyJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human…
- 1 August 2004
Simulations of these data using the E-Z Reader model indicated that a single-process model was unlikely to provide a good fit for both measures, indicating that the relationship between the duration of hypothesized word-encoding stages and observed fixation durations is not likely to be transparent.
The interaction of contextual constraints and parafoveal visual information in reading
Data Analysis as the Search for Signals in Noisy Processes.
The idea of data as a mixture of signal and noise is perhaps the most fundamental concept in statistics. Research suggests, however, that current instruction is not helping students to develop this…
Tests of the E-Z Reader model: Exploring the interface between cognition and eye-movement control
Phonological codes are used in integrating information across saccades in word identification and reading.
- A. Pollatsek, M. Lesch, R. Morris, K. Rayner
- Psychology, BiologyJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human…
- 1 February 1992
It is demonstrated that phonological information acquired on 1 fixation from a word in the parafovea is used to help identify that word when it is later fixated.
Psychology of reading
Preface. Part 1. Background Information. 1. Introduction and Preliminary Information. 2. Writing Systems. 3. Word Perception I: Some Basic Issues and Methods. Part 2. Skilled Reading of Text. 4. The…