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Self-nonself discrimination in a computer
- S. Forrest, A. Perelson, Lawrence Allen, R. Cherukuri
- Computer ScienceProceedings of IEEE Computer Society Symposium…
- 16 May 1994
A method for change detection which is based on the generation of T cells in the immune system is described, which reveals computational costs of the system and preliminary experiments illustrate how the method might be applied to the problem of computer viruses.
HIV-1 Dynamics in Vivo: Virion Clearance Rate, Infected Cell Life-Span, and Viral Generation Time
A new mathematical model was used to analyze a detailed set of human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) viral load data collected from five infected individuals after the administration of a potent inhibitor of HIV-1 protease, providing not only a kinetic picture ofAIDS pathogenesis, but also theoretical principles to guide the development of treatment strategies.
Rapid turnover of plasma virions and CD4 lymphocytes in HIV-1 infection
Treatment of infected patients with ABT-538 causes plasma HIV-1 levels to decrease exponentially and CD4 lymphocyte counts to rise substantially, indicating that replication of HIV- 1 in vivo is continuous and highly productive, driving the rapid turnover ofCD4 lymphocytes.
Mathematical Analysis of HIV-1 Dynamics in Vivo
It is shown how dynamical modeling and parameter estimation techniques have uncovered important features of HIV pathogenesis and impacted the way in which AIDS patients are treated with potent antiretroviral drugs.
Identification and characterization of transmitted and early founder virus envelopes in primary HIV-1 infection
A mathematical model of random viral evolution and phylogenetic tree construction is developed and used to analyze 3,449 complete env sequences derived by single genome amplification from 102 subjects with acute HIV-1 (clade B) infection, suggesting a finite window of potential vulnerability of HIV- 1 to vaccine-elicited immune responses, although phenotypic properties of transmitted Envs pose a formidable defense.
Decay characteristics of HIV-1-infected compartments during combination therapy
It is estimated that 2.3–3.1 years of a completely inhibitory treatment would be required to eliminate HIV-1 from these compartments, and even longer treatment may be needed because of the possible existence of undetected viral compartments or sanctuary sites.
Nonlinear dynamics of immunogenic tumors: parameter estimation and global bifurcation analysis.
Kinetics of Influenza A Virus Infection in Humans
A series of mathematical models of increasing complexity, which incorporate target cell limitation and the innate interferon response, are utilized to examine influenza A virus kinetics in the upper respiratory tracts of experimentally infected adults to suggest that antiviral treatments have a large hurdle to overcome in moderating symptoms and limiting infectiousness.
The immune system, adaptation, and machine learning
Hepatitis C Viral Dynamics in Vivo and the Antiviral Efficacy of Interferon-α Therapy
Findings show that infection with hepatitis C virus is highly dynamic and that early monitoring of viral load can help guide therapy, with blocking efficacies of 81, 95, and 96% for daily doses of 5, 10, and 15 million international units, respectively.