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Preventive Home Visits for Mortality, Morbidity, and Institutionalization in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Background Home visits for older adults aim to prevent cognitive and functional impairment, thus reducing institutionalization and mortality. Visitors may provide information, investigate untreatedExpand
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Admissions processes for five year medical courses at English schools: review
Abstract Objective To describe the current methods used by English medical schools to identify prospective medical students for admission to the five year degree course. Design Review study includingExpand
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Solitary confinement and risk of self-harm among jail inmates.
OBJECTIVES We sought to better understand acts of self-harm among inmates in correctional institutions. METHODS We analyzed data from medical records on 244 699 incarcerations in the New York CityExpand
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Brief opportunistic smoking cessation interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare advice to quit and offer of assistance.
AIMS This study aimed to assess the effects of opportunistic brief physician advice to stop smoking and offer of assistance on incidence of attempts to stop and quit success in smokers not selectedExpand
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Nortriptyline plus nicotine replacement versus placebo plus nicotine replacement for smoking cessation: pragmatic randomised controlled trial
Objective To test the efficacy of nortriptyline plus nicotine replacement therapy compared with placebo plus nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation. Design Pragmatic randomised controlledExpand
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The effect of Transtheoretical Model based interventions on smoking cessation.
The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) proposes that stage matching improves the effectiveness of behaviour change interventions, such as for smoking cessation. It also proposes that standard smokingExpand
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Home Visits for Prevention of Impairment and Death in Older Adults: A Systematic Review
This Campbell systematic review assesses the effectiveness of home visits in preventing impairment, institutionalization, and death in older adults, as well as identifying factors that may moderateExpand
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A Randomised Controlled Trial to Evaluate a Nurse-Led Programme of Support and Lifestyle Management for Patients Awaiting Cardiac Surgery: ‘Fit for Surgery: Fit for Life’ Study
Background: The ‘Fit For Surgery’ programme was based on previous studies suggesting improvement in risk factors contributing to coronary disease while patients wait for cardiac surgery. Aim: ToExpand
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Injury surveillance in New York City jails.
To characterize injuries occurring in jails, we analyzed injury report forms from the New York City jail system. We abstracted data from 4695 injury report forms representing 3863 patients. Of theExpand
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Data-driven human rights: using the electronic health record to promote human rights in jail.
The electronic health record (EHR) is a commonplace innovation designed to promote efficiency, quality, and continuity of health services. In the New York City jail system, we implemented an EHRExpand
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